More About Coronary Heart Disease

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More About Coronary Heart Disease
More About Coronary Heart Disease

Coronary heart disease is the most common heart problem. Handling this condition is very important. If left untreated, coronary heart disease can endanger the life of the sufferer

Coronary heart disease occurs when the blood vessels of the heart or coronary arteries become blocked due to plaque formed from fatty deposits or other substances, such as calcium and fibrin. This condition is known as atherosclerosis.

More About Coronary Heart Disease - Alodokter

Plaque can form on the walls of arteries, even from a young age. However, the older you get, the higher the risk of plaque formation. If left untreated, the presence of plaque can lead to narrowing of blood vessels and disrupt the supply of oxygen-rich blood to the heart.

Plaque can also block most to all of the blood flow in the arteries. When a blockage of blood flow occurs in the coronary arteries, a heart attack can occur.

Things That Increase the Risk of Coronary Heart Disease

So far, the exact cause of plaque formation in arteries is still not known with certainty. However, the following things can increase the risk of atherosclerosis:

1. Smoking habit

Smoking is one of the most important factors in increasing the risk of coronary heart disease. At least more than 30% of people who have a heart attack are active smokers.

The content of nicotine and carbon monoxide in cigarettes makes the heart work harder than usual. Both substances can also increase the risk of blood clots forming in the arteries.

Unfortunately, other chemicals in cigarettes can also damage the lining of the coronary arteries, thereby increasing the risk of coronary heart disease.

2. Cholesterol

Cholesterol that flows too much in the blood can cause coronary heart disease. The type of cholesterol that increases the risk of coronary heart disease is low-density lipoprotein (LDL) or commonly called bad cholesterol.

Cholesterol is what has a tendency to stick and accumulate in the coronary arteries.

3. Diabetes

Diabetes are predicted to have a two-fold higher risk of coronary heart disease. This is presumably because people with this disease have a thicker layer of blood vessel walls.The thickness of the coronary artery walls can interfere with the smooth flow of blood to the heart.

4. Blood clots

Blood clots or thrombosis that occur in the coronary arteries will block the blood supply to the heart. The process of blood clotting is closely related to other factors, such as inflammation, high cholesterol levels, uncontrolled blood sugar, and stress.

5. High blood pressure

High blood pressure can also increase the risk of coronary heart disease. A person is categorized as having high blood pressure if they have a systolic pressure of more than 140 mmHg or more and a diastolic pressure of 90 mmHg or more.

Systolic pressure is defined as a measure of blood pressure when the heart contracts to pump blood out. Meanwhile, diastolic pressure is blood pressure when the heart muscle stretches to fill with blood.

How to Prevent Coronary Heart Disease

To minimize the risk of coronary heart disease, there are several ways you can do, including:

  • Exercise regularly
  • Implementing a he althy diet and balanced nutrition by increasing the intake of fruits and vegetables and reducing the consumption of foods that contain excess cholesterol and s alt
  • Quit smoking
  • Lose weight if excessive
  • Limiting alcohol consumption
  • Control blood pressure
  • Managing stress, either with relaxation therapy or meditation
  • Get enough rest

The dangers of coronary heart disease can affect your quality of life, it can even lead to sudden death from a heart attack. Therefore, check with your doctor regularly if you are at high risk of developing this disease.

You are also advised to consult a doctor if you are experiencing symptoms of coronary heart disease, such as chest pain that occurs when doing strenuous activities or stress, shortness of breath, cold sweat, and chest pain that radiates to the arms and neck.

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