Recognizing 7 Causes of Lumps in the Anus and How to Overcome It

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Recognizing 7 Causes of Lumps in the Anus and How to Overcome It
Recognizing 7 Causes of Lumps in the Anus and How to Overcome It
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The appearance of a lump in the anus can cause discomfort, especially when sitting and walking. This condition can be caused by various he alth problems, ranging from mild to dangerous. Treatment for lumps in the anus also needs to be adjusted according to the cause

Anus is an opening at the bottom of the digestive tract. This section consists of the skin and inner intestinal tissue, including the mucous glands, blood vessels, lymph nodes, and sensitive nerve endings.

Get to know 7 causes of lumps in the anus and how to deal with them - Alodokter

When these areas become irritated, infected, or blocked, lumps may form. Lumps that appear in the anus are generally painful, hard, and discharge fluid. However, there are times when the bumps don't cause any complaints at all.

Various Causes of Lumps in Anus

There are several conditions or diseases that can cause lumps in the anus, namely:

1. Hemorrhoid

Hemorrhoids or hemorrhoids are a common cause of lumps in the anus. There are two types of hemorrhoids, namely internal hemorrhoids and external hemorrhoids. Symptoms and signs that appear may vary slightly, depending on the type of hemorrhoid experienced.

It is called internal hemorrhoids because the lumps that appear are inside the anus, to be precise in the rectum. Generally, internal hemorrhoids do not cause pain because there are not many nerves in the rectum.

Meanwhile, the location of the lump on the external hemorrhoid is outside the rectum or around the anal canal. In addition to lumps, this disease is characterized by pain or itching in the anus and bloody stools.

This disease, also known as hemorrhoids, is caused by swelling or enlargement of the blood vessels around the anus.

This condition can be caused by various things, such as pregnancy, the habit of pushing hard during bowel movements, sitting or standing for too long, anal sex, obesity, and often lifting heavy weights.

2. Perianal hematoma

Perianatal hematoma is characterized by a small purple or black lump on the outside of the anus. This condition is caused by the rupture of blood vessels in the anus, which usually occurs due to straining during defecation or lifting heavy weights.

Lumps in the anus caused by perianal hematomas can be up to the size of a baseball and are painful and swollen around the anus.

3. anal warts

This condition is caused by infection with the human papillomavirus (HPV). In most cases, anal warts are painless or painful, especially if they are small.

Therefore, sufferers often do not realize that there is a lump in the anus. If they are large, anal warts may itch and produce mucus or blood.

4. Anal abscess

Anal abscess is a painful condition when there is a collection of boils or lumps filled with pus in the anus. This condition can be caused by infected anal blisters, sexually transmitted infections, and blockages in the glands in the anus.

The most common type of abscess is a perianal abscess. Its characteristics are lumps that are red and feel warm to the touch.

5. Constipation

Constipation or difficulty defecating due to hard and dry stools can make the anal area feel swollen, giving the impression that there is a lump in the anus. Constipation is generally caused by a low-fiber diet and lack of fluids.

6. Molluscum contagiosum

This disease is a skin infection caused by the molluscum contagiosum virus. The virus can be spread to the anus through sexual contact, coming into contact with infected skin, or sharing bed linens or towels with an infected person.

The symptoms are small pink or white bumps with a small hole or hollow in the middle. Although harmless and sometimes cause no symptoms, lumps in the anus caused by this disease can take months or even years to go away.

7. Anal cancer

Anal cancer occurs when abnormal cells that are malignant form in the anal tissue. Most anal cancers are caused by HPV infection.

However, this cancer can also be triggered by various factors, such as smoking habits, having multiple partners, having anal sex, suffering from an immune disorder such as HIV, or having had cancer in the vaginal area.

Besides having a lump in the anus, other symptoms of anal cancer are bleeding from the anus, pain, itching, and changes in bowel patterns.

How to get rid of a lump in the anus

To determine the exact cause of the lump in the anus, the doctor will perform a physical examination by inserting a finger into the anus to determine the condition of the lump that appears.

Supporting examinations, such as anoscopy, sigmoidoscopy, and colonoscopy, are also performed if a lump in the anus is suspected to be related to digestive tract disorders.

After the cause of the lump in the anus is known, then the doctor can determine the right type of treatment. The following are treatment options according to the condition of the lump in the anus:

  • Pain reliever, to relieve pain that appears
  • Medication to relieve swelling
  • Laxative drugs, to soften stools and smooth bowel movements
  • Antiobiotics, to treat infections
  • Cream or ointment, to numb or reduce irritation
  • Operation, to remove the lump
  • Radiation and chemotherapy

Most cases of lump in the anus can recover with proper treatment. So, you are advised to consult a doctor as soon as you find a lump in the anus.

You need to see a doctor immediately if the lump in the anus is accompanied by fever, bleeding, severe pain, pus, or changes in the texture and pattern of bowel movements. Don't delay to see a doctor so that the right treatment can be done.

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