Table of contents:
- TT Vaccine Indications for Adults
- Schedule of Administration and Dosage of TT Vaccine for Adults
- Conditions Requiring Administration of TT Vaccine for Adults are Delayed
- TT Vaccine Side Effects for Adults
The TT (tetanus toxoid) vaccine for adults is highly recommended, especially for those who are at high risk of developing tetanus. Since there is no cure for this disease, vaccination is the best way to prevent it
Tetanus is caused by infection with the bacterium Clostridium tetani. These bacteria are often found in soil, dust, and animal or human feces. Usually, the bacteria that causes tetanus enter the body through cuts in the skin, such as puncture wounds or cuts from contaminated sharp objects, or burns.
Because tetanus is a dangerous disease, the tetanus vaccine is included in the mandatory vaccines given, including to adults. The TT vaccine for adults is available in the form of the Tdap vaccine (a combination of tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis or whooping cough vaccine) or the Td vaccine (tetanus and diphtheria).
TT Vaccine Indications for Adults
All adults aged 19 years and over who have never received the tetanus vaccine need to get the TT vaccination, in particular:
- He alth workers who are in direct contact with patients
- Careers for babies under 1 year old, including parents, grandparents, and babysitters
- Pregnant women in their third trimester (weeks 27–36), even though they have received the Tdap vaccine
- Mothers who have given birth for the first time and have never received the Tdap vaccine
Schedule of Administration and Dosage of TT Vaccine for Adults
As part of the routine vaccine schedule, the TT vaccine can be given to adolescents and adults over the age of 19. This vaccine is given as much as 1 booster injection with repeated doses every 10 years.
However, if you have a stab wound or deep cut or burn, the TT booster vaccine is usually given early, especially if the burn is severe. In addition, in the case of people with deep stab wounds or incisions, an additional dose of TT vaccine is required with the following rules:
- Clean and minor wounds: three or more doses of TT vaccine, if it has been more than 10 years since the last dose of tetanus-toxoid-containing vaccine was given
- Deep and dirty wounds: three or more doses of Tdap vaccine, if it has been more than 5 years since the last dose of tetanus-toxoid-containing vaccine was given
Meanwhile, in people who have never received a series of tetanus vaccinations during childhood or whose vaccination history is unknown, the TT vaccine needs to be given at least 3 doses. The second dose is given 4 weeks after the first dose and the third dose is given 6–12 months after the second dose.
It is also important to give the TT vaccine for pregnant women to reduce the risk of tetanus to the mother and fetus. Doctors will usually recommend pregnant women to undergo at least 1 injection of TT vaccine in each pregnancy around week 27–36.
Conditions Requiring Administration of TT Vaccine for Adults are Delayed
People who are mildly ill, such as flu, cough, or low-grade fever can still get the TT vaccine. However, the TT vaccine for adults should not be given or should be delayed in people with the following conditions:
- Have had a serious allergic reaction to any of the ingredients in any vaccine or vaccine containing tetanus, either DPT, Tdap, or TT
- Have you ever had a coma or had a seizure after receiving the Tdap vaccination for your child
- Suffer from epilepsy or other nervous system problems
- Have had Guillain-Barré Syndrome (immune system disorder)
TT Vaccine Side Effects for Adults
Just like other vaccines, the TT vaccine for adults also has side effects and usually goes away within a few days. Here are some of them:
- Pain, swelling, or redness at the injection site
- Low fever and chills
- Feeling tired
- stomach ache, vomiting, diarrhea
Without vaccination, tetanus is at high risk of causing serious he alth problems, such as blockage of the pulmonary arteries, pneumonia, difficulty breathing, paralysis, and even death.
Giving TT vaccine for adults is a simple and important step to protect the body from tetanus. If you have never received a tetanus vaccine, you should consult a doctor to get the TT vaccine as scheduled.