Information About Hepatitis B Vaccine for Adults

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Information About Hepatitis B Vaccine for Adults
Information About Hepatitis B Vaccine for Adults

In addition to children, the administration of hepatitis B vaccine for adults is also important. The reason is, hepatitis B can attack anyone, including adults who have never been vaccinated against this disease

Hepatitis B is caused by infection with the hepatitis B virus that attacks the liver. When stricken with this disease, a person may experience symptoms in the form of fever, fatigue, no appetite, nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, and dark urine.

Information About Hepatitis B Vaccine for Adults - Alodokter

Hepatitis B can be transmitted through blood or body fluids when in contact with people with hepatitis B, for example sexual contact. In addition, hepatitis B can also be transmitted if someone exchanges objects that have been contaminated with the hepatitis B virus, such as razors, toothbrushes, or syringes.

Indications of Hepatitis B Vaccine for Adults

Here are some indications or conditions that make adults need to get the hepatitis B vaccine:

  • Having a sex partner who has hepatitis B
  • Living with a person infected with the hepatitis B virus
  • Sexually active and frequently changing sexual partners
  • Having same-sex sex
  • Using injection drugs
  • Has a risk of contact with blood, urine, or body fluids of people with hepatitis B, for example medical workers, including doctors, nurses, midwives, and laboratory workers
  • Suffering from certain diseases, such as diabetes, HIV, and chronic liver disease
  • Making visits to countries with high or moderate rates of hepatitis B virus infection

Regardless of the indications or conditions above, the hepatitis B vaccine is one of the mandatory immunizations for everyone. So, adults should also be sure to get this vaccine if they have not completed the series of vaccinations as children or have never been vaccinated at all.

Hepatitis B Vaccine Administration Schedule for Adults

The hepatitis B vaccine for adults (aged 19 years and over) is given 3 times. The second dose is given 1 month after the injection of the first dose, and the third dose is given 6 months after the injection of the second dose.

In addition, there is a booster dose of hepatitis B vaccine, which is given after the 3 injections. This vaccine is usually given to people who are at high risk of infection, but the schedule can vary.Therefore, follow the doctor's instructions to find out the schedule for giving the hepatitis B booster vaccine dose.

Conditions Requiring Administration of Hepatitis B Vaccine for Adults are Postponed

People who have a mild illness, such as a cough, runny nose, or low-grade fever can still get the hepatitis B vaccine. However, the hepatitis B vaccine should not be given or should be postponed to adults who have the following diseases or conditions:

  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Kidney disease or have had dialysis
  • Bleeding or blood clotting disorders, such as hemophilia
  • Weak immune system due to certain diseases or drug use
  • Allergy to latex
  • Brain disorders

Hep B Vaccine Side Effects

In general, the hepatitis B vaccine is safe to use. Even if side effects occur, they are usually mild and will go away on their own within a few days. Examples are:

  • Headache
  • Feeling tired
  • Redness, pain, or swelling at the injection site

If after giving the vaccine you have signs of an allergic reaction, such as itching, difficulty breathing, swelling of the face, fever, sore throat, skin rash, immediately consult a doctor.

Because it is not recommended that you receive a booster vaccine if you experience a life-threatening allergic reaction after the first injection. So, keep an eye on any side effects you experience after receiving the hepatitis B vaccine and let your doctor know if your previous injections caused any side effects.

Giving hepatitis B vaccine is an effective and safe way to prevent hepatitis B which is easily transmitted. If you have never received the hepatitis B vaccine as an adult, you should consult your doctor to determine a schedule for giving this vaccine.

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