Homeschooling: Advantages and Disadvantages

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Homeschooling: Advantages and Disadvantages
Homeschooling: Advantages and Disadvantages

Homeschooling is a teaching and learning method that is carried out at home. This method is considered to have advantages over formal schools. However, on the other hand, homeschooling also has its drawbacks. Therefore, think carefully before you choose this method

In the homeschooling method, parents can determine for themselves the right teaching system according to their child's abilities, interests, and learning styles.

Homeschooling: Advantages and Disadvantages - Alodokter

However, when deciding to use the homeschooling method, parents are fully responsible for the child's education process. In addition, parents can also bring teachers to their homes.

Homeschooling Education System in Indonesia

In Indonesia, homeschooling has become a legal education system. This is based on the Regulation of the Minister of Education and Culture of the Republic of Indonesia Number 129 of 2014.

The regulation states that homeschooling or homeschooling is a conscious and planned educational service process carried out by parents or families at home or in a place with a conducive atmosphere.

Parents who want to educate their children by homeschooling are required to report to the education office at the district or city level.

Homeschooling is an option for various reasons, such as certain medical conditions that do not allow children to attend formal school, dissatisfaction with available educational methods, or the belief that children cannot develop their interests, talents, and creativity in public schools.

In addition to a variety of formal education that is already available in the homeschooling education system, many Early Childhood Education (PAUD) schools have begun to implement a homeschooling learning system. Where the interaction of children and parents or caregivers plays an important role in monitoring children's learning activities at home.

Some Benefits of Homeschooling for Children's Education

The main advantage of the homeschooling learning method is that the child gets the full attention of the teacher.

When the child is able to follow the lesson, he can continue to learn to the next stage. However, if there is material that is not understood, he can still ask the educator to repeat the material until he finally understands.

Homeschooling also has a number of other advantages, such as:

1. Flexible study time

One of the advantages of homeschooling is the flexibility of learning time. Parents, children, and teachers can negotiate with each other when is the right time to start learning and determine the length of time to study.

In addition, parents can also adjust the schedule of subjects to be studied in one day.

2. Children are more able to develop their talents

Parents and children can together determine their own topics, schedules, durations, and ways of learning according to their children's interests, abilities, and learning styles.

Every child has different talents and interests as well as the ability to process information. With homeschooling, learning methods can be more optimal to develop children's talents according to their wishes and abilities.

3. Children can get enough rest

The formal school routine requires children to arrive early and sometimes leave in the afternoon. This makes the child's rest time to be reduced. Children who are sleep deprived will have trouble concentrating and have difficulty absorbing the information conveyed by the teacher.

With the homeschooling method, children can get longer rest time, so they can follow the lessons given optimally.

4. Parents can monitor children's interactions

Homeschooling also allows parents to continue to monitor their child's social environment. Thus, children can avoid promiscuity and the risk of being bullied.

5. Children have the opportunity to learn outside the home

Different from formal education which requires students to study at school, homeschooling provides opportunities for children to gain knowledge by studying in museums, libraries, to the outdoors.

Various Disadvantages of Homeschooling

From the various advantages that have been presented above, you also need to know the disadvantages of the homeschooling program. Following are some of the disadvantages:

The scope of children is limited

The main effect of homeschooling is the limited scope of socialization and friendship of children. This method makes children only interact with the teacher and their parents.

To overcome the social effects that can occur in homeschooled children, parents need to keep their children connected to their peers. For example, creating a group of homeschooled children to gather, learn, and interact together.

Learning facilities are also limited

Homeschooled children usually do not get facilities that support the teaching and learning process like a formal school. For example, sports equipment, a laboratory with all its props, or a library. This makes parents need to prepare more funds to be able to enjoy these facilities.

Requires extra effort from parents

Because they are directly involved in teaching children, extra effort is needed from parents. Starting from preparing teaching materials, understanding the material, to developing fun learning methods for children.

Even if you use the help of a tutor, parents can't get out of hand, because the success of homeschooling is the responsibility of the parents. This can be a challenge if the parents are working or have younger children.

Category of Children Needing Homeschooling

Parents prefer to enroll their children in a homeschooling program because it is influenced by various factors, for example, because the child suffers from a serious illness that limits his activities.

The following are some special conditions for children who need a homeschooling program:

ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder)

ADHD is a condition in which children have difficulty concentrating and have hyperactive and impulsive behavior. These symptoms generally appear when the child enters school, so he has difficulty in following the lessons.

OCD (obsessive compulsive disorder)

OCD is a condition that causes children to have unwanted thoughts, feelings, and fears. Children with OCD usually find it difficult to concentrate on the school assignments given.


Dyslexia is a learning process disorder that makes it difficult for children to read, write, and spell. But in general, children with dyslexia still have a normal level of intelligence.

One thing you need to pay attention to is that homeschooling is not a shortcut for children who experience problems while at school, such as academic problems or being bullied.

Before deciding to homeschool, parents and teachers must discuss together to find out the problems they are facing and if necessary consult a psychologist, to determine what educational method is best for children.

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