Table of contents:
- Different Types of Acne Treatment
- Things to Pay Attention to When Using Acne Medication
- Supporting Treatment for Acne Removal
Acne treatment can be done in various ways. However, did you know that getting rid of acne should not be done carelessly? If you don't do it wrong, trying to get rid of acne can actually make acne worse or leave permanent scars
Acne occurs when the skin pores are clogged with oil and dead skin cells. This condition can appear on the face, back, and chest. Acne can be triggered or exacerbated by bacteria, hormonal changes, stress, consumption of certain foods, or the side effects of medications.
Different Types of Acne Treatment
The purpose of acne treatment is to reduce oil production, inhibit bacterial growth, and unblock dead skin cells in the pores.
In general, there are two types of acne treatment, namely:
Free use of the product
To treat mild acne, you can use a variety of over-the-counter acne-fighting products. These products are generally available in the form of soaps, cleansers, creams, lotions, and gels that contain anti-acne ingredients, such as:
1. Benzoyl peroxide
Benzyl peroxide can eradicate acne-causing bacteria in at least 4 weeks. Acne medication containing this substance must be used continuously for the effect to continue to work.
Also, be careful when using benzoyl peroxide to get rid of acne because it can dry out the skin.
2. Salicylic acid
Salicylic acid can help exfoliate skin cells, open pores, and prevent lesions. Just like benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid must also be used continuously to prevent acne from reappearing.
When used together with alcohol, sodium sulfacetamide, and salicylic acid, a sulfur-containing acne medication can be used to treat acne.
This substance is able to prevent clogged pores and inhibit the growth of bacteria. However, sulfur usually has an unpleasant odor and causes temporary skin discoloration.
Retinol can prevent acne formation. When applied to a pimple that has grown, the pimple will enlarge before finally disappearing. Retinol must be used continuously and takes 8–12 weeks to work.
5. Alcohol and acetone
Some over-the-counter acne medications usually contain these two substances. Alcohol is antibacterial, while acetone can remove oil from the skin's surface.
However, many doctors do not recommend these two ingredients because they are less effective in treating acne and can cause dry skin.
In addition, there are also acne medications that come from herbal, organic, or natural ingredients, such as tea tree oil. This ingredient has an antiseptic effect and is believed to reduce inflammation in acne. However, the effectiveness of these products is generally not medically proven.
Use of medicine by doctor
If you've been trying over-the-counter anti-acne products for several weeks, but your acne doesn't go away or gets worse, talk to your doctor about your problem.
Doctors can prescribe medication to get rid of acne, avoid skin damage, or disguise the formation of scar tissue on the skin. Some types of drugs that can be prescribed by doctors, including:
Antibiotics for acne treatment can be in the form of topical medications and oral medications. This drug works by eradicating acne-causing bacteria and reducing inflammation.
Antibiotics are often combined with benzoyl peroxide to reduce the possible risk of antibiotic resistance, which is a condition when bacteria are resistant to antibiotics.
Oral antibiotics should not usually be taken during pregnancy and can make the skin more sensitive to sunlight.
Just like antibiotics, retinoids are available in topical and oral forms. Retinoids can treat acne by exfoliating dead skin cells and stimulating the growth of new skin cells.
This drug should not be used by pregnant and lactating women.
In addition to antibiotics and retinoids, doctors can also prescribe other types of drugs to treat acne. These drugs are azelaic acid, dapsone, and birth control pills.
Things to Pay Attention to When Using Acne Medication
Using drugs to get rid of acne may cause side effects or interactions with other drugs.
Some of the possible side effects include:
- Dry, red, and sensitive skin to the sun due to the use of acne medications containing benzoyl peroxide and retinoids
- Nausea, skin is more sensitive to sunlight, and more prone to fungal infections, especially in women who use it for several weeks, due to taking antibiotics
- Serious allergic reaction or severe irritation from using over-the-counter acne medications without a doctor's prescription
If the above side effects occur, immediately consult a doctor for treatment.
Supporting Treatment for Acne Removal
In addition to the use of drugs, proper supportive care is also needed to get rid of acne, as well as proper supporting treatments, namely:
- Do not wash your face with acne too often because it can cause irritation. Clean your face at least 2 times a day using warm water and a special facial soap made from soft ingredients.
- Avoid squeezing pimples, including blackheads, so as not to worsen the acne condition and leave scars.
- Choose cosmetic products that are water-based and labeled non-comedogenic.
- Avoid using cosmetics or make-up that is too thick and don't forget to clean the cosmetics until they are completely clean before going to bed.
- Always keep your hair clean and try not to get the hair strands on your face.
- Take a shower immediately after doing activities that make you sweat, such as sports.
Pimples can appear occasionally and go away on their own, but can also appear continuously to the point of disturbing appearance or self-confidence. The wrong way to get rid of acne can actually make acne worse and leave scars.
If acne is getting stubborn or getting worse, you should consult a doctor to get rid of acne in the right way and treatment.