Table of contents:
- What Is Menstrual Cycle?
- Can I Receive the COVID-19 Vaccine During Menstruation?
- What are the General Side Effects of the COVID-19 Vaccine?
- Can COVID-19 Vaccine Cause Menstrual Cycle Changes?
The COVID-19 vaccination program is one of the government's steps to break the chain of transmission of the Corona virus. However, there are rumors that the COVID-19 vaccine can affect the menstrual cycle. Is this news true or just a myth?
Various ways can be done to prevent the transmission of COVID-19, such as implementing he alth protocols and vaccinating. However, like any drug or vaccine, the COVID-19 vaccine also has side effects.
In addition to pain at the injection site, some women also experience a side effect of the COVID-19 vaccine in the form of menstrual cycle disturbances. The question is, is this something to worry about?
What Is Menstrual Cycle?
Menstruation is a natural cycle in a woman's body which is marked by bleeding from the vagina, due to the absence of fertilization of the egg by sperm.
Menstrual cycle is not the same for every woman. Normally, the menstrual cycle occurs every 21-35 days and the menstrual process lasts for 2-7 days. This cycle will become more regular as you get older.
However, you need to be alert if you experience menstrual disturbances, such as:
- Menstrual cycle less than 21 days or more than 35 days
- No menstruation for 3 consecutive periods or more
- Menstrual blood that comes out more or less than usual
- Menstruation lasts more than 7 days
- Severe pain, stomach cramps, nausea or vomiting during menstruation
If you feel some of the menstrual disorders above, immediately consult a doctor, to get the appropriate treatment.
Can I Receive the COVID-19 Vaccine During Menstruation?
There are several main criteria for receiving the COVID-19 vaccine, including:
- Not confirmed to have COVID-19 or have been declared cured of COVID-19 after 3 months.
- Body temperature is normal and not more than 37.5O C
- Blood pressure below 180/110 mmHg at screening before vaccination
- For those who have chronic diseases, such as high blood pressure and diabetes, the COVID-19 vaccine can be given if they are in good he alth and under control with doctor's treatment
- For people with HIV, the vaccine can be given if the CD4 count is more than 200
- Patients with lung diseases, such as asthma and COPD, should only be vaccinated if their condition has been controlled through medication
- TBC sufferers can be vaccinated after taking antituberculosis drugs regularly for more than 2 weeks
- No symptoms of ARI in the last 7 days and no medical conditions, such as allergies to vaccines or autoimmune diseases
While there have been reports of changes in menstrual cycles after receiving the COVID-19 vaccine, menstruation is not an excuse that can prevent you from getting vaccinated. So far, there is no ban on receiving the COVID-19 vaccine for women who are menstruating.
Meanwhile, there are several conditions that are not recommended for receiving the COVID-19 vaccine, namely suffering from comorbidities and uncontrolled, under 12 years of age, and being treated for blood clotting disorders, immune system disorders, and transfusions blood.
What are the General Side Effects of the COVID-19 Vaccine?
All medical procedures have a risk of side effects, including the COVID-19 vaccine. This is a normal sign that your body is building protection. The following are some of the common side effects after receiving the COVID-19 vaccine:
- Pain, redness and swelling at the injection site
- Muscle pain
You can apply a cold compress to the injection site to relieve pain, redness, or swelling. If you develop a fever after receiving the vaccine, drink more fluids and don't wear thick clothes.
You can also consult a doctor if you want to use certain medicines, such as ibuprofen, paracetamol, aspirin, or antihistamines to reduce the side effects of the COVID-19 vaccine
However, if the side effects that appear do not improve after 24 hours or a severe allergic reaction occurs, namely anaphylactic shock, immediately contact the doctor or the nearest he alth facility for treatment.
Can COVID-19 Vaccine Cause Menstrual Cycle Changes?
There have been several complaints reported regarding changes in menstrual cycles after receiving the COVID-19 vaccine. These complaints include shortened menstrual cycles, more bleeding than usual, severe pain during menstruation, or menstrual bleeding for more than 7 days.
This raises the question whether changes in the menstrual cycle are a side effect of the COVID-19 vaccine.
So far, further research is needed to confirm the relationship between changes in the menstrual cycle and the COVID-19 vaccine. However, experts think there are several things that affect changes in the menstrual cycle, such as pain after vaccines, stress, and the consumption of certain drugs.
In addition, in clinical trials of various types of COVID-19 vaccines, there are no results that mention any side effects in the form of bleeding or changes in the menstrual cycle.
However, if you experience changes in your menstrual cycle after receiving the COVID-19 vaccine, don't panic yet. Try to see a doctor to find out if there are other factors that cause changes in your menstrual cycle.
Keep in mind, giving the COVID-19 vaccine is not dangerous for women who are menstruating. Therefore, do not delay vaccination, unless you are in a condition that is not recommended to receive the COVID-19 vaccine.
After receiving the COVID-19 vaccine, continue to follow he alth protocols, such as washing hands, wearing masks, and maintaining distance. Immediately call the COVID-19 hotline at 119 or the nearest he alth facility if you experience symptoms, such as shortness of breath, fever, or loss of sense of smell and taste.