Understanding Newborn Skin Conditions and Tips for Caring for It

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Understanding Newborn Skin Conditions and Tips for Caring for It
Understanding Newborn Skin Conditions and Tips for Caring for It

The skin condition of every newborn baby can look yellowish, scaly, or maybe itchy because there are small spots. These conditions are actually reasonable. However, because newborns' skin is still sensitive and prone to irritation, you must treat it in the right way

Once born, babies need time to adapt to their new environment outside the womb. In this adaptation process, you may find things that are unique to the baby's physical condition, such as an asymmetrical head shape or the texture and color of his skin that can change.

Understanding Newborn Skin Conditions and Tips for Caring for It - Alodokter

Newborn Baby's Skin Condition

The condition of a newborn's skin is determined by the length of the gestation period. Not all the uniqueness of newborn skin is something to worry about. Some of them are normal and will change as the baby gets older.

Here is the explanation:

Spots and skin color of newborns

When a newborn baby is born, the skin can be dark red or purplish. When he starts to breathe, his skin color will turn reddish or bright red.

In the first few hours or days, the baby's hands, feet and lips may also turn bluish. This happens because the blood circulation is still underdeveloped and generally harmless if it is not accompanied by complaints, such as shortness of breath or looking weak.

Babies can also be born with blue patches on some parts of their bodies. These patches are called Mongol patches or congenital dermal melanocytosis. In addition, there may be a reddish rash on the chest, back, face, arms, and legs. This condition is called erythema toxicum and will go away on its own within 1 week.

Some babies are also born with yellow skin or called yellow babies. This happens because the liver is not mature enough to properly process and dispose of bilirubin into the digestive tract. This yellow color will usually go away on its own within 2−3 weeks.

Newborn baby skin texture

The skin of newborns is still thin and sensitive, so they are prone to irritation. Many newborns also experience prickly heat or milia on the nose, cheeks, under the eyes, or on the chin.

Some newborns can even have acne on the face area called acne neonatorum. However, this condition will generally go away on its own over time.

Newborn baby's skin will peel in the early weeks. This peeling occurs to shed the vernix, which is a thick layer that covers the baby's skin while in the womb. The amount and duration of exfoliation of newborns can vary depending on whether the baby was born premature, full term, or late.

Tips for Caring for Newborn Skin

The baby's skin condition above is nothing to worry about and doesn't need special handling. However, considering that newborns' skin is still sensitive and prone to irritation, you must take care of and care for their skin in the right way.

The following are tips for caring for newborn skin to avoid various skin problems:

  • Don't bathe the baby too often. Frequent bathing can dry out the skin, making it more prone to irritation and infection.
  • Clean the baby's skin surface with a soft washcloth. Gently rub the skin.
  • Use baby soap or shampoo.
  • Apply lotion on baby's skin after he bathes to keep his skin moisturized.
  • Avoid sprinkling powder on the newborn's body and keep it away from direct sunlight.

In addition to applying the methods above, another thing that is no less important in caring for newborn skin is choosing skin care products, such as soap, shampoo, or lotion, which are suitable for the baby's skin condition. If the skin care products used are not appropriate, the baby will be more at risk of skin irritation and main rashes.

Choose care products specially formulated for baby's skin and labeled hypoallergenic. This indicates that the product has a lower risk of causing an allergic reaction.

You should also choose products that are labeled dermatologically tested. This means that the product has been tested on the skin.

Baby skin has a slightly lower acidity (pH), which is around 5.5. Therefore, it is recommended that you use products with a pH close to that number. However, if your baby's skin doesn't have any problems and isn't dry, you can choose a product with a neutral pH.

You can also choose newborn skin care products that contain natural ingredients. Shea butter, sunflower seed oil, and almond oil are natural ingredients that can keep baby's skin moist and he althy.

Besides that, products containing calendula are also good for baby's skin. Many studies have shown that calendula can increase skin moisture and is effective in treating underlying rashes and skin inflammations.

If your baby's skin is still having problems even though you have used care products that are suitable for the newborn's skin condition and have applied the methods above, you should check with a doctor so that the cause can be identified and given proper treatment. appropriate.

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