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Mastitis is inflammation of the breast tissue. This condition is often experienced by breastfeeding mothers so that it interferes with the process of breastfeeding to babies. Therefore, handling steps need to be taken so that the baby's nutritional intake is not disturbed
Mastitis is one of the most common complaints during breastfeeding. This condition often makes breastfeeding mothers feel uncomfortable and have difficulty giving breast milk because the breasts feel sore.
What Are the Signs of Mastitis?
Mastitis during breastfeeding usually only occurs in one breast and appears suddenly. The following are some of the symptoms of mastitis to watch out for:
- Breast bruised redness
- Often feel itchy
- Feels sore when breastfeeding
- There is a painful lump
- The size of one breast is bigger
- Nipples oozing pus
- Often feel tired
- Swollen lymph nodes in armpit or neck
Before experiencing the various symptoms above, you will also experience flu-like symptoms when suffering from mastitis.
What Causes Mastitis?
Infection of the breast or mastitis can be caused by several things, including:
Staphylococcus and Streptococcus agalactiae bacteria can cause infection in breast tissue through sores on the nipples or milk ducts. Usually, these bacteria come from the baby's mouth and the surface of the breast skin.
Breast ducts clogged
Mastitis can also occur when the milk ducts in the breast are blocked due to a buildup or deposition of residual milk. This condition can cause breast infection.
In addition to the two causes above, the following factors can also increase the risk of mastitis:
- Injuries to the nipples
- Breastfeeding with only one breast
- Using a bra that is too tight
- Smoking habit
- irregular breastfeeding frequency
- History of mastitis in the past
- Use of breast implants
- Weak immune system due to certain diseases, such as diabetes
How to Treat Mastitis?
To treat mastitis in breastfeeding mothers, there are several ways that can be done, including:
The most effective way to get rid of mastitis is to continue breastfeeding from the breast that has mastitis, even though it hurts. Stopping breastfeeding will actually make mastitis worse.
When breastfeeding, apply the following steps:
- Make sure baby's mouth is properly attached to the breast.
- Try to find a comfortable breastfeeding position.
- Massage your breasts gently while breastfeeding to promote breastfeeding.
- Avoid wearing a bra that is too tight.
- Get plenty of rest and drink lots of water.
- Compress the breast with a cloth that has been soaked in warm water or take a warm bath. In addition to helping relieve pain, this method also makes the breasts softer, so that milk can flow more smoothly.
If the above steps are not able to reduce the symptoms of mastitis, then medical treatment is needed. The doctor will conduct an examination and give antibiotics to treat the bacteria that cause mastitis and painkillers so that the breastfeeding process remains comfortable.
Mastitis in nursing mothers is common and can cause breast pus if not treated immediately. To avoid these complications, consult a doctor if you experience signs or symptoms of mastitis.