Table of contents:
- Understanding Innate Immunity and Adaptive Immunity
- How to Maintain Skin as Innate Immunity
- The Importance of Vitamin E Intake in Protecting the Skin
There are still quite a lot of people who don't know that skin is part of immunity. The skin, as the largest organ that covers the entire body, is one of the components of innate immunity that is important to maintain its he alth, especially in the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic
To have a strong immune system, you need to take good care of your immune system. There are two types of immunity that need to be maintained, namely innate immunity (non-specific immunity) and adaptive immunity (specific immunity).
Understanding Innate Immunity and Adaptive Immunity
Innate immunity or non-specific immunity is the body's defense system that has been present since birth and functions to protect the body from exposure to harmful substances in general. Innate immunity is the front line of defense against toxins and germs that enter the body.
Innate immunity consists of skin, mucous membranes, and hair cells (cilia) in the respiratory tract. In addition, the body's mechanisms to expel foreign objects, such as the cough and sneeze reflex, are also included in innate immunity.
While adaptive immunity or specific immunity is a type of immunity formed by the body to fight a specific harmful substance, including certain bacteria and viruses.
The function of a daptive immunity is played by the lymphatic system and white blood cells, such as B lymphocytes and T lymphocytes. This system will produce antibodies to fight certain microorganisms that enter the body.
How to Maintain Skin as Innate Immunity
Skin is the biggest part of innate immunity. Therefore, to keep your innate immunity strong against various germs, you must maintain good skin he alth. One way is to get enough vitamin E intake every day.
Levels of vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) in the skin layer can be reduced due to exposure to free radicals, for example due to sunlight or pollution. If the level of vitamin E in the skin is low, skin he alth can be disturbed. The reason is, this vitamin is a strong antioxidant so it is needed to fight free radicals that can cause inflammation, damage, and aging of the skin.
In addition to sufficient intake of vitamin E, you also need to get intake of other antioxidants, such as glutathione and astaxanthin, so that the strength of the skin as innate immunity is well maintained.
The Importance of Vitamin E Intake in Protecting the Skin
Because of the important role of vitamin E in skin he alth, you need to regularly consume various types of foods that contain vitamin E. If necessary, you can also take vitamin E supplements.
In addition, you can provide extra protection to your skin by applying a moisturizing cream that contains vitamin E. That way, the skin's moisture will be maintained, so that various problems caused by dry skin, including the appearance of wrinkles, can be prevented and overcome.
If you want to take vitamin E supplements, pay attention to the dosage. Read the information on the packaging label and make sure the dose you take is according to your skin condition and needs.
For those under 25 years old with complaints of dull, oily, and acne-prone skin, the recommended dose of vitamin E is 100 IU per day. Meanwhile, for people who have dry skin or do a lot of outdoor activities, the recommended dose of vitamin E is 300 IU per day.
Avoid taking vitamin E in excessive doses, except on doctor's advice. The maximum dose set by the Food and Drug Supervisory Agency (BPOM) of the Republic of Indonesia is 400 IU per day.
To make vitamin E from supplements easier to absorb by the body, choose a supplement that contains vitamin E in its natural form, namely d-alpha-tocopherol. You can see this information in the list of supplement contents on the product packaging.
Vitamin E in the form of d-alpha-tocopherol is absorbed more quickly by the body than synthetic vitamin E, namely dl-alpha-tocopherol. The absorption will be even faster if the form is a soft capsule.
Maintaining he althy skin in the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic is fairly important, because this outermost part of the body is the front line in the immune system. So, if your skin is he althy, your immune system will be stronger.
If you have skin problems, you should consult a doctor. The doctor will conduct an examination to determine the cause and provide appropriate treatment. That way, the treatment will be more effective.