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Catharsis is the release of emotions or complaints that are stored in the mind. In psychology, catharsis is also interpreted as a way to vent emotions positively so that a person feels more relieved and can carry out daily activities with a better feeling
Anger, sadness, fear, and disappointment are normal emotions experienced by every human being. Although normal, these emotions should be channeled so as not to accumulate in the mind. However, it takes the right way to vent emotions. One of them is by catharsis.
If not channeled properly, emotions can exacerbate existing problems or create new problems. In fact, not infrequently emotions that are not channeled cause stress or depression.
Definition and Definition of Catharsis
Catharsis comes from the Greek katharsis which means purification or cleansing. In the realm of psychology, catharsis is defined as an attempt to rid oneself of negative feelings, such as anger, resentment, sadness, or pent-up hurt.
By expressing these feelings, one can feel more relieved and calm. According to psychoanalytic theory, this emotional release is related to the need to defuse an unconscious conflict.
So stress and frustration can actually be a signal that there is a conflict that needs to be resolved or that there are feelings that are being suppressed and need to be released.
Repressed emotions can affect the physical and mental he alth of the person experiencing them. This is why it is so important to identify, deal with, and express emotions in a positive way.
Different Ways to Do Catharsis
Catharsis can be done as a form of psychotherapy with the help of a psychologist or psychiatrist. In addition, catharsis can also be applied as a daily habit to deal with stress.
The following are some examples of catharsis that can be done in everyday life:
1. Talk or vent with friends
Lonely people are more susceptible to various he alth problems, ranging from heart disease, stroke, to depression. On the other hand, by having good friends to confide in, a person will feel more enthusiastic about life and not easily give up and get depressed.
Telling is a form of catharsis that is very easy to do and proven to be good for mental he alth. When you talk to other people, you can bring out your emotions, ideas, thoughts, or complaints. That way, you can feel more relaxed afterwards.
Exercise is not only good for physical he alth, but also mental he alth. This activity can trigger the release of various hormones in the brain, such as endorphins, serotonin, and dopamine. These hormones function to create a sense of calm, overcome stress, improve mood, and reduce pain.
This is what makes exercise a good form of catharsis. Any type of exercise, from light to vigorous, can be used as catharsis.
Listening to songs and singing is one way to release boredom and fatigue and forget for a moment the problems that exist. Without realizing it sometimes singing can be a medium to channel emotions, so that it makes you feel better.
Screaming can also be a good form of catharsis. By shouting, you can indirectly express and release your stored emotions and thoughts.
Studies reveal that there are many benefits of writing for mental he alth, especially for people who find it difficult to express their emotions and feelings.
Pouring out your complaints through writing can help you release pent-up emotions. Not only that, writing can also be a creative way to relieve stress and anxiety.
In addition to the ways above, you can also do catharsis through other activities, as long as it doesn't harm yourself or others, for example, painting or trying doodling, watching movies, or cooking.
Letting go of your emotions may not always be easy, especially if you've been used to keeping your emotions in check for a long time or have had trauma and inner wounds. Although it may seem trivial, ignoring and suppressing emotions can have an impact on physical and mental he alth, including increasing the risk of depression.
If you have tried various ways to express feelings or emotions through catharsis but still feel that something is up or disturbing you, you can consult a psychologist to find out the cause and how to overcome it.