Various Causes of Lower Stomach Pain

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Various Causes of Lower Stomach Pain
Various Causes of Lower Stomach Pain

Lower abdominal pain is often characterized by cramping or even pain like pins and needles. This complaint can be caused by minor problems, such as menstruation, to severe disorders, such as kidney stones or cancer

Medically, lower abdominal pain can also be described as pelvic pain. This pain can be experienced by anyone, both men and women, although it is actually more common in women.

Various Causes of Lower Stomach Pain - Alodokter

Although it is common and looks mild, lower abdominal pain is not a condition to be taken lightly, especially when accompanied by certain symptoms.

Various Causes of Lower Abdominal Pain

Lower abdominal pain can be caused by an infection in certain parts of the body, such as the pelvis, bladder, or large intestine. There are several conditions that can trigger lower abdominal pain, including:

  • Injury
  • Crohn's Disease
  • Intestinal disorders, such as ileus
  • Appendicitis
  • Inflammation of the bladder
  • Constipation
  • GERD or acid reflux disease
  • Kidney infection
  • Kidney stones
  • Hernia
  • Diverticulitis
  • hip fracture
  • cirrhosis
  • Food or drug allergies

Other Causes of Lower Stomach Pain

In addition to the conditions above, lower abdominal pain can also be caused by infections in the female reproductive organs, such as the vagina, ovaries, uterus, cervix, or fallopian tubes. This is the reason why women are more at risk of experiencing lower abdominal pain.

Some of the possible causes of lower abdominal pain in women are:

  • stomach pain due to menstruation
  • Ovulation
  • ectopic pregnancy
  • Miscarriage
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease
  • Ovarian cysts or other disorders of the ovaries
  • Endometriosis
  • Placental abruption or other disorders of the placenta during pregnancy
  • Miom or u terine fibroid
  • Disorders of the cervix, such as infection or cancer
  • uterine cancer
  • Inflammation of the fallopian tubes or salpingitis

Determining Causes of Lower Abdominal Pain and Treatment

To find out the exact cause of the pain that appears, you can consult a doctor. Before performing a physical examination, the doctor will ask you several questions regarding the pain you are feeling, such as:

  • Are you pregnant?
  • How long have you been feeling pain in the lower abdomen?
  • What's the pain like?
  • When does the pain usually appear? Is it in the morning, at night, after eating, or during menstruation?
  • Does the pain also affect other body parts, such as the buttocks, groin, shoulders, or lower back?

The doctor will perform a physical examination and supporting examinations, such as:

  • Blood, urine and stool tests
  • genital examination
  • pregnancy test
  • X-rays
  • USG
  • CT scan
  • Endoscopy
  • Colonoscopy
  • Hysteroscopy
  • Laparoscopy

After the test results come out, the doctor will provide treatment according to the cause, severity, and frequency of lower abdominal pain you are suffering from.

Mild lower abdominal pain can generally be treated at home by simple means or using medication. However, if the lower abdominal pain experienced is quite severe, medical treatment is also required, for example through surgery.

If you experience lower abdominal pain accompanied by very severe pain, fever, nausea, vomiting, swollen stomach, stomach hurts to the touch, or bloody stools, immediately consult a doctor so that he can be given proper treatment.

The same is true if you experience lower abdominal pain after an accident, injury, or chest pain.

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