Table of contents:
- The Benefits of M altodextrin in the Food Industry
- The Effects of M altodextrin on He alth
- Tips for Taking M altodextrin
M altodextrin is one of the additives that is often used as a thickener, preservative, or sweetener in packaged foods and beverages. Although classified as safe, this substance is also known to cause certain effects on he alth, especially when consumed in excess
Various types of packaged foods and beverages, such as potato chips, biscuits, yogurt, energy drinks, and snacks, usually use additives in the production process. These substances are needed to maintain product quality and make it more durable.
One of the additives that is quite often used as an additive is m altodextrin, which is a type of carbohydrate extracted from plant starch, such as corn, rice, potatoes, and wheat.
M altodextrin is actually similar to powdered corn syrup, but the sugar content is different. Powdered corn syrup contains at least 20% sugar, while m altodextrin contains less and no more than 20% sugar.
The Benefits of M altodextrin in the Food Industry
There are various benefits of m altodextrin in the process of making food and beverages, including:
- Thickening food
- Increase the food volume
- Improve consistency and maintain food texture
- Preserving packaged food and drinks
M altodextrin is also often used as an ingredient in a mixture of sweeteners in foods and beverages. Apart from being used in the food industry, m altodextrin can also be used as a thickener for body care products, such as lotions and shampoos.
The Effects of M altodextrin on He alth
BPOM classifies m altodextrin as an additive that is safe to use for the manufacture of processed foods and beverages. However, these additives cannot be used as preservatives for baby food or medicines.
Although it is relatively safe, m altodextrin is known to cause some side effects, especially if used in excess. The following are some of the effects of m altodextrin on body he alth:
Disturbing the he alth of the digestive tract
In the human digestive tract, there are good bacteria or probiotics that function to protect the digestive system from disease-causing bacteria and maintain digestive function.
Some research shows that m altodextrin can inhibit the growth of probiotics, so that it can disrupt the balance of the number of good bacteria in the intestine.
M altodextrin is also referred to as a substance that can increase the risk of several diseases in the gastrointestinal tract, such as colitis and colon cancer.
Increase blood sugar
M altodextrin has a high glycemic index (GI), so it can cause blood sugar levels to rise quickly. In comparison, the glycemic index of table sugar is 65, while that of m altodextrin is 106–136. This effect of m altodextrin can be dangerous for people who have insulin resistance or diabetes.
However, in certain cases, m altodextrin can also provide benefits to the body. First, because it is quickly absorbed by the body, m altodextrin can be a source of calories and energy for those who have high activity, such as athletes or bodybuilders.
Second, because it can quickly increase blood sugar levels, m altodextrin can also be used to treat hypoglycemia or conditions of low blood sugar levels in the body. This condition often occurs in people who are receiving diabetes medication or are on extreme diets.
Tips for Taking M altodextrin
To reduce the risk of m altodextrin side effects, you should limit or avoid consuming too many processed foods or drinks that contain additives.
Make it a habit to eat food and drinks made from fresh ingredients, such as vegetables, fruit, whole grains, fish, chicken, beef, eggs, and nuts, without added preservatives, sweeteners, or other additives.
If you want to consume packaged food or drinks, look at the composition on the packaging label. When you want to use artificial sweeteners, you can choose he althier alternatives, such as stevia, honey, brown sugar, or corn syrup.
M altodextrin actually does not have a bad impact on he alth as long as it is consumed in reasonable quantities and not too often. However, you need to be aware of the side effects of m altodextrin if you consume too many packaged foods or drinks that contain this substance.
If you experience complaints, such as diarrhea, stomach pain, nausea, or vomiting, after consuming food or drinks containing m altodextrin, immediately consult a doctor for treatment.