Things to Do Before and After COVID-19 Vaccination

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Things to Do Before and After COVID-19 Vaccination
Things to Do Before and After COVID-19 Vaccination

Covid-19 vaccine has arrived in Indonesia. The government has also begun to schedule a vaccination program to reduce the number of positive cases of COVID-19 which is still increasing. If you are in the priority group to get vaccinated, there are a few things to pay attention to

In addition to implementing he alth protocols, vaccines are also given as an effort to prevent transmission of Corona virus infection. The government has also planned to gradually bring in around 400 million doses of the COVID-19 vaccine.

Things to Do Before and After COVID-19 Vaccination - Alodokter
Things to Do Before and After COVID-19 Vaccination - Alodokter

The vaccine is planned to be given to the Indonesian population in 2 periods. The first period will take place from January–April 2021 for he alth workers and high-risk groups, while the second period will be held from April 2021 to March 2022 for the general public.

Before COVID-19 Vaccination

If you are a priority group to get a vaccine, there are several things you should do and prepare before undergoing a COVID-19 vaccination, including:

1. Avoid consuming drinks that contain alcohol

The habit of consuming alcoholic beverages can weaken the immune system. If you are scheduled to receive a COVID-19 vaccine, avoid alcoholic beverages at least 2 days before vaccination until about 2 weeks after.

This is important to do so that your immune system remains strong and can produce a good immune reaction to prevent Corona virus infection.

2. Avoid excessive exercise

Regular exercise is good for keeping the body he althy and fit. Exercise also needs to be done before getting the vaccine, because this habit is good to help the immune system stay strong.

However, you are advised not to do strenuous activities or exercise excessively, because this can actually cause a decrease in endurance.

To be he althier and safer, do exercise at least 20-30 minutes every day or at least 3-5 times per week.

3. Sufficient nutritional needs

In order to maintain your immune system, you are advised to fulfill your nutritional needs, such as protein, vitamins, and minerals, for 1 week before and after getting the vaccine.

In addition to consuming nutritious food, maintaining the strength of the immune system can also be done by taking additional supplements. Thus, the body can create a good immune reaction against COVID-19.

4. Get enough sleep

A few days before being injected with the COVID-19 vaccine, try not to stay up late and get enough rest time by sleeping for 7–9 hours every night.

If you have trouble falling asleep, try practicing sleep hygiene, for example by turning off cell phones and other electronic devices at least 1 hour before you go to bed.

5. Get treatment from the doctor

For those who have chronic diseases, such as high blood pressure, diabetes, or HIV infection, you are still advised to undergo treatment from a doctor before getting the COVID-19 vaccine.

One of the requirements to get a COVID-19 vaccine for people with chronic diseases is if their condition is he althy and controlled with medication.

For diabetic patients, the COVID vaccine can be obtained if the HbA1C level is below 58 mmol/mol or 7.5%. Meanwhile, in HIV patients, the COVID-19 vaccine can only be given if the CD4 white blood cell count is more than 200.

To be safer, people who have chronic diseases should consult a doctor first before getting the COVID-19 vaccine.

Taking certain drugs, such as ibuprofen and paracetamol, before vaccination is thought to reduce the work of the vaccine and reduce the body's immune system response to the vaccine. The doctor will assess whether or not the use of a drug is discontinued before giving the vaccine.

6. Inform yourself of your he alth condition

Tell your doctor or COVID-19 vaccination officer about your he alth condition when you want to be vaccinated, such as:

  • Fever
  • History of allergy to vaccines
  • Certain diseases, such as blood disorders, autoimmune diseases, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, HIV, kidney disorders, or liver disease
  • Consumption of certain drugs
  • Pregnant or planning to become pregnant
  • Leastfeeding period

After COVID-19 Vaccination

After you have received your COVID-19 vaccination, proceed with the following steps:

1. Pay attention to vaccine side effects

Various types of vaccines, including the COVID-19 vaccine, can cause the following mild side effects:

  • Pain and swelling at the injection site
  • Fever
  • Shiver
  • Tired or not feeling well
  • Headache

Although very rare, vaccines can sometimes cause dangerous side effects, such as allergic reactions, shortness of breath, and anaphylaxis.

Therefore, after receiving the COVID-19 vaccine, you will be asked not to leave the he alth facility where you received the vaccine for approximately 30 minutes. The goal is for your doctor to make sure you don't experience these side effects.

2. Relieve vaccine side effects

To relieve pain or bothersome side effects of COVID-19 vaccines, including the COVID-19 arm, you are advised to get enough rest, apply cold compresses to the injection area, and move the injected arm more often.

You can also use over-the-counter pain relievers, such as paracetamol, to reduce pain. However, before using these drugs, you should consult your doctor first.

Fever itself is the body's natural response when fighting bacteria or viruses that cause disease. When you have a fever after a vaccine, it means your body is boosting its immune system.

The problem is that when you have a fever, your body can lose more fluids. In fact, there is a 10% decrease in body fluids for every 1 degree Celsius increase in fever temperature. In addition, the body can also lose ions along with the lost fluids.

Therefore, it is important for you to meet the needs of fluids and ions when you have a fever so you don't get dehydrated. Consumption of fluids that contain ions or electrolytes can be an effective way to maintain body fluids and prevent dehydration when you have a fever.

3. Apply he alth protocol

Even though you have received the COVID-19 vaccine, it doesn't mean you are completely free from Corona virus infection. People who have been vaccinated against COVID-19 can still get this disease, and even pass it on to other people. Therefore, continue to apply he alth protocols to prevent COVID-19, such as:

  • Wearing a mask when outside the house
  • Keep a minimum distance of 1.5–2 meters from other people
  • Wash your hands with soap and water for 20 seconds or use a hand sanitizer with a minimum alcohol content of 60%
  • Rest at home when you feel unwell

4. Get ready for the second vaccination

The COVID-19 vaccine must be given in 2 doses in order to produce an optimal immune reaction against the Corona virus. The schedule for the second COVID-19 vaccine is 2 weeks after the first dose of the COVID-19 vaccine.

5. Getting vaccinated for other diseases after COVID-19 vaccination

After getting vaccinated against COVID-19, you should postpone giving vaccines for other diseases, such as flu vaccine and hepatitis B vaccine. The time interval for delaying vaccination for other diseases after getting vaccinated against COVID-19 is about 2–4 weeks.

To determine the schedule for administering the COVID-19 vaccine and other vaccines, you can consult a doctor.

After getting the COVID-19 vaccine, your COVID-19 antigen and antibody rapid test results may show reactive results, but don't panic. This could be due to the body's reaction to the vaccine.

To determine whether this is a reaction to the vaccine or because of COVID-19, you can consult a doctor. If necessary, the doctor may suggest a PCR test to confirm the diagnosis of COVID-19.

Those are the things that need to be done before and after the COVID-19 vaccination. In general, the COVID-19 vaccine currently provided by the government is safe and effective enough to prevent infection with the Corona virus.

However, if after being vaccinated you experience certain complaints, such as shortness of breath, severe headache, swollen face and throat, a red rash appears on the skin, or heart palpitations, immediately consult a doctor for treatment.

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