Table of contents:
- Recognizing the Symptoms of Hepatitis B and How to Overcome It
- Tips to Keep Hepatitis B Patients He althy
- How to Prevent the Spread of Hepatitis B Virus
Not a few people with hepatitis B feel worried and afraid of the disease they are suffering, considering that hepatitis B can cause complications in the form of cirrhosis and liver cancer. In fact, with proper treatment, hepatitis B sufferers can still live a normal life
Some people with hepatitis B have an immune system that is able to completely eradicate the hepatitis B virus. However, some other sufferers may not be able to fight the hepatitis B virus, so they can develop chronic hepatitis B.
If not treated properly, chronic hepatitis B can lead to long-term he alth problems, including liver damage, cirrhosis, liver cancer, and even death.
Recognizing the Symptoms of Hepatitis B and How to Overcome It
Some people who are infected with the hepatitis B virus may not experience any symptoms. However, there are also patients who can feel the symptoms of this disease after being exposed to the hepatitis B virus within 2-3 months.
The following are some of the symptoms that hepatitis B sufferers may experience:
- stomach ache
- Urine is dark in color
- Stool is gray or whitish in color
- Muscle pain
- Lost appetite
- Digestive disorders, such as nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea
- Body feels tired, weak, and not feeling well
- The color of the skin and eyes becomes yellowish (jaundice)
Acute hepatitis B usually goes away on its own in a few months, but people with this disease still need to be treated and monitored by a doctor.
Meanwhile, to treat chronic hepatitis B, doctors can provide the following treatments:
Providing antiviral drugs
This drug serves to suppress the activity of the hepatitis B virus and prevent complications, such as cirrhosis and liver cancer. Antiviral drugs can also prevent the transmission of hepatitis B from sufferers to others.
Interferon is a protein that can have an antiviral effect, so it can kill the hepatitis B virus. This drug is usually used as an additional therapy for antiviral drugs to treat chronic hepatitis B.
Surgery is generally necessary to treat hepatitis B that has caused severe liver damage or severe liver dysfunction. To restore the patient's liver function, doctors can perform liver transplant surgery.
Tips to Keep Hepatitis B Patients He althy
Undergoing hepatitis B treatment and care from a doctor is one of the main steps to treat hepatitis B.
However, apart from medication, hepatitis B sufferers are also advised to lead a he althy lifestyle so that they can continue their activities and live normally. Here are some tips that can be done:
- Avoid risky sexual behavior, such as having sex without a condom or changing partners. Hepatitis B patients should also abstain from oral and anal sex.
- Avoid sharing needles with other people as well as personal equipment, such as razors and toothbrushes.
- Eat he althy and nutritionally balanced foods, such as fruit, vegetables, protein, and nuts. Stay away from foods that contain lots of sugar, s alt, and cholesterol, and avoid drinking alcoholic beverages.
- Don't smoke and stay away from cigarette smoke.
In addition, hepatitis B sufferers also need to exercise regularly, get enough sleep and rest, and reduce stress, so that their he alth condition is maintained.
If you want to use supplements and medicines, including over-the-counter medicines and herbal supplements, people with hepatitis B should consult their doctor first.
Patients with hepatitis B who want to have children are also advised to consult a doctor before starting a pregnancy program.
How to Prevent the Spread of Hepatitis B Virus
Most people with hepatitis B have a long life expectancy. However, patients still have to be careful not to transmit the hepatitis B virus to others.
To prevent transmission of the hepatitis B virus, the following steps can be taken:
- Get vaccinated against hepatitis B.
- Impact safe and he althy sex, namely using condoms when having sex and not changing sexual partners.
- Avoid sharing needles, toothbrushes, towels, nail clippers and razors with others.
- Make sure to use new and sterile needles when getting a tattoo or piercing.
- Clean all objects that are exposed to blood using a solution of bleach and water in a ratio of 1:9.
- Clean or dispose of objects that have been exposed to blood, urine, vaginal fluids, semen, or feces of people with hepatitis B.
To prevent transmission of the hepatitis B virus to other people, people with hepatitis B are advised not to donate their blood, organs, sperm, or eggs.
Patients with hepatitis B are also advised to have regular he alth check-ups to monitor the condition of the liver through blood and urine tests, ultrasound, CT scan, MRI, and biopsy.
In order to monitor their he alth condition and disease progression, hepatitis B sufferers need to consult their doctor regularly at least 1-2 times a year or depending on the schedule recommended by the doctor.
Suffering from chronic hepatitis B is not the end. Patients with hepatitis B can still carry out their normal activities and have a normal life, as long as they undergo proper care and treatment, and adopt a he althy lifestyle.