About Organ Donation and Important Things to Know

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About Organ Donation and Important Things to Know
About Organ Donation and Important Things to Know

Not only blood donation, organ donation can also be done to save the lives of others. However, before you decide to become a donor, there are a few things to consider. This is because not everyone can donate their organs

Organ donation is the process of taking organs or body tissues from he althy people to be given to people who need new organs. The recipient of the organ can be a family member, friend, or other person you don't know.

About Organ Donation and Important Things to Know - Alodokter

Organ donation can be one way to save and improve the life of someone who has failed in one or more of his organs.

Things About Organ Donation

If you decide to donate an organ, there are some important things you need to know in advance, namely:

1. Organs that can be donated

Basically, almost all organs of the body can be donated to other people in need. Some of the organs in question include:

  • Vital organs, such as the heart, kidneys, pancreas, lungs, liver, and intestines
  • Body tissues, including the cornea, skin, heart valves, bones, blood vessels, and connective tissue
  • Bone marrow and stem cells

In some countries, certain body parts, such as hands and face, can also be donated. Unfortunately, the procedure for donating body parts cannot be carried out in Indonesia.

2. Donor age

Every he althy person, both children and adults, can become an organ donor. However, donors who are under the age of 18 need written permission and approval from their parents or guardians when they want to donate their organs.

3. Donor he alth condition and history

Ideally, people who want to donate their organs must have good he alth conditions and do not have functional disorders in certain organs, especially the organs they want to donate.

Besides that, another requirement to become an organ donor is that there is no coercion. You have the right to refuse to donate organs if this procedure is against your will, even if your parents, spouse or supervisor are requesting it.

A person is said to be unfit to become an organ donor if he suffers from certain conditions or diseases, such as:

  • Infections, such as HIV, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, ebola, toxoplasmosis, and malaria
  • Diabetes, especially uncontrolled and severe diabetes
  • Kidney failure
  • Heart disease
  • Cancer, especially in advanced cancer patients or those undergoing cancer treatment

Before donating organs, a person will undergo a complete medical examination first. After being declared eligible to become an organ donor, that person can only donate organs or body tissues.

4. Type of organ donor

Based on the donor's condition, organ donation procedures can be divided into two types, namely:

Live donor

An organ donor is called a living donor if the donor is still alive when the organ is removed and donated to others in need. Organs that can be donated while a person is still alive include the kidneys, liver, lungs, pancreas, intestines, heart, and blood.

Donor dies

It is called a dead donor if the donor has died when the organ is harvested and given. A person can become a dead donor if they die from certain conditions, such as a severe head injury, brain aneurysm, brain death, or stroke.

5. Risk of becoming a donor

If you are considering becoming a live organ donor, you should think carefully about the benefits and risks. Knowing that you can save someone's life may be one of your motivations or reasons for donating organs.

However, organ donation procedures require major surgery. This procedure has the risk of causing a number of complications, such as bleeding, pain, infection, blood clots, or damage to organs and tissues.

In addition, you also need to take time to fully recover after undergoing organ donation surgery. After recovering, your he alth condition may also change and not be like the previous condition.

For example, if you donate one kidney, now there will only be one kidney working in the body. Thus, you must be more careful in consuming food and maintaining a he althy body.

Despite having a noble goal, donating organs is not an easy decision. You need to be declared he althy and fit to be an organ donor by a doctor, and be aware of the risks and possible complications that can occur after you donate your organs.

If you decide to become an organ donor, please consult your doctor first. Ask the doctor clearly about what things need to be prepared and the risks that may be experienced.

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