About the COVID-19 Vaccine for Pregnant Women and Breastfeeding Mothers

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About the COVID-19 Vaccine for Pregnant Women and Breastfeeding Mothers
About the COVID-19 Vaccine for Pregnant Women and Breastfeeding Mothers
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Covid-19 vaccination has started in Indonesia. However, the provision of COVID-19 vaccine for pregnant women and breastfeeding mothers has not become a priority. Why is this and what is the actual effect of the COVID-19 vaccine on women who are pregnant or breastfeeding?

In the Technical Instructions for Vaccination Implementation issued by the Ministry of He alth, pregnant women and breastfeeding mothers are included in the list of groups of people who are not given the COVID-19 vaccine.

Regarding the COVID-19 Vaccine for Pregnant Women and Breastfeeding Mothers - Alodokter

This is more because clinical trials or research on the effectiveness and safety of the COVID-19 vaccine in pregnant women and breastfeeding mothers are still very limited, not because this vaccine is dangerous for women who are pregnant or breastfeeding.

However, since June and August 2021, the Indonesian Obstetrics and Gynecology Association (POGI) has recommended the COVID-19 vaccine to be given to pregnant women and breastfeeding mothers.

Covid-19 Vaccine Safety for Pregnant Women and Breastfeeding Mothers

Pregnant women who suffer from COVID-19 are more at risk of giving birth prematurely. Research so far also states that pregnant women infected with the Corona virus are more at risk of experiencing severe COVID-19 symptoms and needing to undergo intensive care in the ICU.

Therefore, pregnant women are recommended to get the COVID-19 vaccine. In Indonesia itself, based on POGI recommendations, now the government has allowed the COVID-19 vaccine to be given to pregnant women with a gestational age of 13 weeks and over and breastfeeding mothers.

Covid-19 Vaccine for Pregnant Women and Breastfeeding Mothers in Indonesia

Currently, the new types of COVID-19 vaccines available in Indonesia are the Sinovac and Coronavac vaccines produced by China, as well as the AstraZeneca vaccine from the UK.

This vaccine is made from an inactivated virus, so it cannot cause COVID-19 disease.

Vaccines containing killed viruses have actually been used for more than 50 years in pregnant women and breastfeeding mothers, without causing harmful side effects. Therefore, in general, inactivated virus vaccines can actually be said to be safe for pregnant women and breastfeeding mothers.

Meanwhile, for the COVID-19 vaccine, the mRNA vaccine, such as the vaccines made by Moderna and Pfizer, there are already several studies that say that this type of vaccine is most likely safe to be given to pregnant women and breastfeeding mothers.

The mRNA vaccine does not contain a virus, but a genetic component that has been specially designed to resemble the genetic material of a virus, which in this case is the SARS-CoV-2 virus.After successfully producing an immune reaction or antibody against the Corona virus, the genetic component of the mRNA will be destroyed.

mRNA vaccine is also known to be safer for the fetus because it does not cross the placenta. However, the antibodies formed in the mother's body can cross the placenta, so the fetus also gains immunity to the Corona virus until he is born.

mRNA vaccine is known to have 95% efficacy. However, data regarding the safety and side effects of mRNA vaccines and their long-term effects on pregnant and lactating women and their babies are still being studied.

mRNA vaccine is not yet available in Indonesia. However, the government had planned to buy the vaccine from the companies Pfizer and Moderna.

Based on the Decree of the Ministry of He alth issued in August 2021, the COVID-19 vaccines that can be used for pregnant and lactating women in Indonesia are Sinovac, Pfizer, and Moderna vaccines.

Covid-19 Vaccine Booster for Pregnant and Breastfeeding Mothers

The COVID-19 vaccine booster plays an important role in helping to strengthen the body's immune reaction in fighting and eradicating the Corona virus. Various studies have also shown that giving a COVID-19 vaccine booster can reduce a person's risk of getting COVID-19 with severe symptoms.

Referring to the Recommendation Letter for the COVID-19 Vaccination Booster for Pregnant Women from the Indonesian Obstetrics and Gynecology Association (POGI), the administration of the COVID-19 vaccine booster to pregnant women can be done within about 4 months after the COVID-19 vaccine is given. second dose.

While breastfeeding mothers, the COVID-19 vaccine can be given at least 3 months after the second dose of COVID-19 vaccination.

If you are planning to become pregnant and have questions about the COVID-19 vaccine, you can consult your obstetrician before undergoing vaccination. The doctor will examine your condition and determine whether you can get the vaccine or not.

If you are breastfeeding but need a COVID-19 vaccine because you have a certain disease that puts you at high risk for contracting COVID-19 and experiencing severe symptoms, consult your doctor to determine the best course of action.

Please also remember that giving the COVID-19 vaccine does not completely protect you from the Corona virus. You still need to follow he alth protocols while this pandemic is still ongoing, so that your risk of contracting COVID-19 can be minimized.

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