Table of contents:
Pregnancy and childbirth are two very precious moments for a woman because she will become a mother. However, is it true that getting pregnant or giving birth at a too young age can endanger the mother's he alth?
Based on the National Population and Family Planning Agency or BKKBN, the ideal age for marriage is at least 21 years for women and 25 years for men. This appeal is recommended not without reason, yes.
At this age, the average man and woman in Indonesia already have readiness, both in terms of mental, physical, and financial. In addition, men and women at that age are considered to have become more mature individuals and are able to undergo the intricacies of domestic life, so that the risk of divorce will be smaller.
This is the Danger of Getting Pregnant at a Young Age for Women
The suggestion for women not to get married before the age of 21 is one of them because of he alth considerations. Normally, after getting married and being sexually active, women who have menstruated have a high chance of getting pregnant soon.
Pregnancy that occurs under the age of 21 is at risk of causing danger during pregnancy and childbirth, both for the mother and the baby-to-be. Here are some of them:
1. Giving birth prematurely
One of the dangers of getting pregnant at a young age is the high risk of giving birth prematurely. Premature birth occurs when a baby is born before 37 weeks of gestation.
The earlier the baby is born, the greater the risk of the baby experiencing he alth problems. This is because his development in the womb will not be as full as if he was born on time. Premature babies are at higher risk for respiratory distress or even sudden death.
2. Baby born with below normal weight
Because of the risk of being born prematurely, babies of mothers who are too young are also at risk of having a below normal weight, which is around 1-2 kg. In fact, normally a baby born at term has a body weight above 3 kg.
Babies born to young mothers are considered vulnerable to malnutrition. This is because women at this age tend to not understand a good diet and do not have sufficient knowledge about pregnancy, so they are more likely to neglect taking care of themselves and their fetus.
3. High risk of preeclampsia and anemia
Women who get pregnant at a young age are also very at risk for preeclampsia, which is an increase in blood pressure accompanied by the presence of protein in the urine. This condition cannot be taken lightly because it can develop into eclampsia which can threaten the life of the mother and fetus.
In addition to preeclampsia, pregnant women who are very young are also at risk of developing anemia. Anemia that occurs during pregnancy is also not a light problem because it can inhibit the growth and development of the fetus and endanger the life of the mother during childbirth.
4. Experiencing heavy bleeding during childbirth
The age of 21 was chosen as the ideal age to get married and have children, because at this age a woman's hips are the perfect size and are ready to become a temporary home to support the baby.
Mothers who give birth under this ideal age are at higher risk for heavy bleeding after delivery. If postpartum bleeding occurs, the risk of death for the mother will also increase.
Those reasons are the basis of the advice not to marry and give birth at a very young age. This is not only due to the short term impact, but also the long term impact.
With careful and unhurried preparation, marriage, household, and pregnancy can be well planned. That way, a he althy pregnancy and birth can be achieved, as well as a harmonious and prosperous family.
Well, if you are considering getting married at an early age, think about the things above first and delay until you are really ready. In addition, avoid having sex early, because this is also dangerous for he alth, and the risk can even be greater.
While waiting for the best time to get married and have children, you and your partner can equip yourself with knowledge about marriage, domestic life, pregnancy, and parenting.
Remember, after you get married, your life will not be the same as when you were single. Your roles and responsibilities will be even greater, especially after having children. It takes a lot of preparation that you may not have imagined right now.
If you are forced to get married at a young age, for example because of your parents' demands, try to consult a doctor for advice on how to delay pregnancy or how to take care of yourself and your baby's he alth if it turns out that you will get pregnant soon after marriage.