Knowing the Causes, Symptoms, and How to Overcome Sunburn

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Knowing the Causes, Symptoms, and How to Overcome Sunburn
Knowing the Causes, Symptoms, and How to Overcome Sunburn

Sunburn can occur when the skin is exposed to direct sunlight for too long. Well, if you are a field worker or often have outdoor activities, there are several ways to deal with sunburn that you can easily do at home

The sun emits ultraviolet light or UV rays. Not only the sun, some tools to darken skin tone, such as tanning beds, can also emit UV rays.

Know the Causes, Symptoms, and How to Overcome Sunburn - Alodokter

Sunlight is actually good for he alth because it can stimulate the formation of vitamin D in the skin. However, excessive exposure to UV rays can have a negative impact on the skin because it can cause the skin to become burned.

Know the Causes and Symptoms of Sunburn on the Skin

You can get sunburn, which is classified as a 1st degree burn, if you stay in the sun for too long. Usually, it takes about 20-30 minutes or more for sunburn symptoms to appear.

At 10am to 2pm, you can even experience sunburn even if you only sunbathe for 15–30 minutes, especially if you don't use sunscreen.

If your skin has sunburn, the following are some of the symptoms that can appear:

  • Skin feels hot and sore to the touch
  • Skin blisters and swelling
  • Skin peeling
  • Dizzy

In severe cases, sunburn can cause other symptoms such as fever and numbness of the skin. Sunburn also often appears with other disorders, such as heatstroke and dehydration. These symptoms can appear within minutes or hours after you are exposed to the sun.

In the long term, excessive sun exposure can trigger premature aging of the skin. This condition can make the skin dry, wrinkled, and black spots appear. Excessive sun exposure on the skin can also increase the risk of skin cancer over time.

Know How to Overcome Sunburn

Actually, sunburn can go away on its own in a few days, depending on how severe your condition is. However, to speed up healing, you can do the following ways to deal with sunburn:

1. Compress the skin with cold water

One way to treat sunburn on the skin is to compress the burned skin area with cool water. Use a soft and clean cloth to compress the skin.

Not only compressing, you can also use cool water for bathing or bathing. When you're done, avoid drying yourself by rubbing a towel against your skin to prevent irritation. You just need to pat the skin gently and slowly until it dries.

2. Use aloe vera

To speed up the skin healing process and relieve symptoms of pain and swelling caused by sunburn, you can use aloe vera or other moisturizing products, lotions, and gels that contain aloe.

Aloe vera contains substances that are anti-inflammatory so that it can reduce inflammation in sunburned skin. If you want to use fresh aloe vera to treat sunburn, don't forget to wash it first, okay.

3. Do not break or touch the blisters that appear on the skin

Sunburn conditions that are severe enough can cause fluid-filled blisters and sores on the skin. If you do, don't break or touch the blisters, as this can cause irritation and infection. These blisters usually go away on their own as the skin heals.

4. Protect sunburned skin area

Wear clothes that cover the skin when outdoors. Make sure the clothes you wear are safe, comfortable, soft, and don't see through the sun.

If sunburn is causing a nagging pain, you can use painkillers such as paracetamol to relieve the pain.

How to Prevent Sunburn

There are several things you can do to prevent sunburn when in direct sunlight, including:

  • If you want to bask in the morning sun, just do it for 10-15 minutes.
  • When you have to do activities in the hot sun, wear comfortable clothes that cover the entire skin. Also use glasses with UV-Protector.
  • When you want to go out, always use a sunscreen or sunscreen that suits your skin, especially in areas of the body that are easily exposed to the sun. Repeat application if you sweat easily or when you are swimming.

UV rays do provide benefits for the body, but too long exposure to UV rays is also not good for the he alth of the body, especially on the skin. Therefore, avoid being in the sun for too long.

If your sunburn symptoms are accompanied by fever, headache, dizziness, and nausea, immediately consult a doctor to get the right treatment.

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