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Scorpion stings are not something that can always be avoided. The reason is, the scorpion itself often hides in places that are difficult to see. If you have been stung by a scorpion, there is no need to panic. The following first aid steps will help you deal with it
Scorpions can be found all over the world, including in Indonesia. This animal has the ability to kill its prey by injecting poison from the stinger located at the tip of its tail.
Scorpions don't actually attack humans on purpose. They sting only for self-protection. Therefore, when you unknowingly touch or kick a scorpion, you can be stung by it.
Scorpion stings are usually harmless, unless you have an allergy to scorpion stings. When stung by a scorpion, you can take the following first aid steps to relieve the symptoms caused.
Scorpion Sting Risk Factor
Scorpions often hide in firewood, clothes, bed linen, shoes, and garbage buckets. Therefore, you must be careful when moving or cleaning these objects.
Scorpions are more commonly seen during summer and are often found in mountainous areas. Scorpions can sting anywhere on the body, but scorpion stings usually occur in the hands, arms, legs and feet.
Also, you may encounter more dangerous scorpions when traveling to certain countries, such as the United States. You can even take them home by accident, as scorpions can hide in clothes and suitcases.
Scorpion Sting Symptoms
When you are stung by a scorpion, you may experience local symptoms at the site of the sting and symptoms due to the spread of scorpion venom. The following are some of the local symptoms that you can experience from being stung by a scorpion:
- Pain that can get worse
- Numbness and tingling
- Feeling warm
Meanwhile, the symptoms that you can experience due to the poison that has spread throughout the body include:
- Difficulty breathing
- Twitch muscles
- Unusual or unnatural head, neck and eye movements
- Drooling from the mouth uncontrollably
- Nausea and vomiting
- High blood pressure
- Heart rate gets faster
- Feeling restless
First Aid for Scorpion Sting
The following are first aid steps that you can take immediately if you are stung by a scorpion:
- Clean the sting wound with mild soap and water.
- Cold compresses to the sting area to reduce pain.
- Do not eat or drink if you have difficulty swallowing.
- If you don't have difficulty swallowing, take an over-the-counter pain reliever, such as paracetamol.
- If you experience a mild allergic skin reaction, such as itching at the site of the sting, use an antihistamine to relieve it.However, if there is a severe allergic reaction that can be life-threatening, such as itching all over the body, wheezing, dizziness, chest pain, or shortness of breath, then immediately seek treatment at the nearest hospital.
If the scorpion is still at the scene, take the scorpion with tongs and put it in a jar to secure it. Do not pick up the scorpion by hand directly. This is to prevent the scorpion from stinging you again.
Scorpion Sting Prevention
Scorpions tend to avoid contact with humans. However, if you live in an area where scorpions are common, prevent contact by taking the following measures:
- Check and shake off gardening gloves, boots, and clothes you haven't used in a long time and when you're about to use them.
- When traveling to areas where dangerous scorpions are common, especially if you are camping or living in a rural location, wear shoes and long pants, and check your clothes, bed linen and bag frequently.
- Remove piles of stones or wood from around your house, and do not store firewood near the house, especially in the house.
- Check your home environment regularly. If you find a scorpion, use tongs to keep it away from crowds or dwellings.
Just like centipede stings, most scorpion stings are harmless and do not require medical treatment. However, you should still consult a doctor as a preventive measure if you are stung by a scorpion even if you only experience mild symptoms or do not feel any symptoms at all.
If the symptoms are severe, you may need to be hospitalized. Your doctor may give you a sedative if you have muscle spasms or other medications to treat high blood pressure, pain, and anxiety.
dr. Sonny Seputra, M.Ked.Klin, Sp.B, FINACS(Surgeon Specialist)