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The fatigue that is often felt during pregnancy may make some pregnant women feel the need to drink energy drinks. In fact, this type of drink should be avoided by pregnant women. Why is that?
An important reason why pregnant women need to completely avoid consuming energy drinks is the content in them. Most energy drinks contain at least one substance that has the potential to cause interference with pregnancy.
Energy Drink Content
The content between various brands of energy drinks is generally almost the same. The following are some of the content of energy drinks that pregnant women need to watch out for:
Consuming caffeine may increase energy, focus, and help relieve headaches. However, when consumed in high amounts during pregnancy, caffeine can increase the risk of miscarriage or low birth weight babies.
In addition, the side effects of too much caffeine also include high blood pressure, heart palpitations, anxiety, spinning dizziness, stomach pain, and diarrhea.
In 1 bottle of energy drink, or about 500 ml, contains about 80–160 mg of caffeine. Meanwhile, pregnant women are recommended to limit the amount of caffeine intake to less than 200 mg a day.
A person may be more sensitive to caffeine, so low levels can cause side effects on him. So, to be careful, pregnant women should limit their caffeine consumption to a minimum.
In addition to caffeine, most energy drinks also contain large amounts of added sugar or artificial sweeteners. In 1 bottle of energy drink can contain about 54 g of sugar, which is equivalent to 13 teaspoons of sugar.
Well, too much sugar consumption in pregnant women is known to cause excessive weight gain which can have a negative impact on pregnancy, for example increasing the risk of preeclampsia and gestational diabetes.
In 1 bottle of energy drink generally contains about 100–200 mg of sodium or sodium, which means it is quite high. Eating too many foods or drinks with high sodium content is known to increase the risk of hypertension and worsen swelling in pregnant women.
Sodium levels that are allowed for pregnant women are no more than 2,300 mg per day. This is equivalent to just 1 teaspoon of s alt. So, if pregnant women also consume sodium from energy drinks, chances are that pregnant women will consume excess sodium.
Taurine is found in energy drinks. In fact, this amino acid has an important role in supporting the growth and development of the baby, as well as regulating the amount of water and minerals in the blood. In fact, breast milk or infant formula is generally supplemented with taurine.
Daily taurine intake that is known to be safe for pregnant women is around 100 mg, while the taurine content in 1 bottle of energy drink can reach 1,000 mg.
Well, up to 10 times the intake of taurine is not yet known for its safety. Plus, taurine comes from energy drinks which are generally not good sources of nutrition.
In addition to the ingredients above, energy drinks usually also contain herbal ingredients, such as ginseng, ginko biloba, and yohimbe, whose safety for pregnant women has yet to be confirmed. So, it's best to avoid energy drinks during pregnancy, pregnant women.
Natural Ways to Generate Energy During Pregnancy
Instead of consuming energy drinks, it is better if pregnant women choose natural ways to revive energy, as below:
- Try to go to bed earlier than usual, or if possible, take a nap between activities.
- Reduce energy-draining activities. Also change the usual exercise to a lighter one.
- Eat foods with balanced nutrition, such as brown rice, chicken, fish, beef, fruit, vegetables, and nuts.
- Avoid eating too many foods that contain flour and simple carbohydrates, such as white rice or white bread.
- Enough fluids properly by consuming 2-3 liters of water per day.
If the various ways above have been taken well, but pregnant women still often feel tired or not energetic, you should check with a doctor. It could be that chronic fatigue is a symptom of another condition, such as anemia during pregnancy.