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Malaise is a medical term to describe feelings of tiredness, discomfort, and unease for which there is no known cause. This condition is not a disease, but rather a symptom of a certain disease and can last from several weeks to years
When you are sick, almost everyone will feel malaise. Malaise can appear quickly or develop slowly. This complaint can also occur for a long time, depending on the type of illness suffered.
Malaise is often characterized by the following conditions:
- The core body is weak or not strong
- Feeling uncomfortable or unwell
- I still feel tired even after resting all night
In contrast to feeling tired or feeling unwell due to fatigue, malaise usually has no clear cause and often makes it difficult for people who feel it to be active.
Various Possible Causes of Malaise
There are many diseases or conditions that can cause malaise, including:
Malaise can be a sign of an infectious disease, whether it is a bacterial, viral, or parasitic infection. The following are some infectious diseases that often make a person experience malaise:
- Acute bronchitis
- Tuberculosis (TB)
2. Certain diseases
In addition to infectious diseases, malaise can also be caused by the following diseases:
- Anemia or lack of blood
- kidney disease
- Thyroid disorders
- Congestive heart failure
- Inflammation of the joints, for example due to osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis
- Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
- liver diseases, such as hepatitis and cirrhosis
- Chronic fatigue syndrome
3. Mental disorders
When you are stressed, the body will become less energetic and get tired quickly. Usually, the body will return to energy after the stress is resolved. However, in certain cases, malaise or fatigue can be prolonged and is generally caused by certain mental disorders, such as depression and anxiety disorders.
People who are malnourished or malnourished will also often experience malaise. When experiencing malnutrition, a person's body will lack the nutrients and energy needed for daily activities.
Nutrition conditions can be caused by many things, ranging from extreme diets, eating disorders, such as bulimia and anorexia, to impaired absorption of nutrients in the gastrointestinal tract.
5. Drug side effects
Malaise can also be caused by side effects of drugs. There are many types of drugs that can cause side effects of malaise, including:
- Allergy medicine or antihistamine
- Drugs for heart disease and high blood pressure, such as beta blockers
- sedatives and antidepressants
- Chemotherapy drugs
In addition to the conditions or diseases above, malaise can also sometimes occur due to an unhe althy lifestyle, such as lack of sleep, frequent consumption of alcoholic beverages and caffeine, and infrequent exercise.
How to Deal with Malaise
There are many factors that can cause a person to experience malaise. Therefore, this condition should not be underestimated. If you experience malaise, you should immediately consult a doctor for this condition.
After being diagnosed with malaise and knowing the cause, you will get the right treatment.
For example, if the malaise is caused by anemia, the doctor will prescribe blood-boosting drugs and iron supplements. Meanwhile, if your malaise is caused by an infection, the doctor will give you antiviral or antibiotic medication according to the cause of the infection.
To increase energy and overcome malaise during recovery, it is recommended that you follow these tips:
- Do regular exercise according to your body's ability.
- Enough rest time, that is by sleeping for 7–9 hours every night.
- Stop smoking and stay away from cigarette smoke.
- Eat nutritious food and avoid fast food or junk food.
- Reduce stress, for example by meditation or yoga.
If you feel lethargic, tired, and unwell for more than 7 days or it's been months, don't hesitate to see a doctor and undergo an examination to get the right treatment for malaise, according to the cause.