Understanding the Causes of Edema and How to Overcome It

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Understanding the Causes of Edema and How to Overcome It
Understanding the Causes of Edema and How to Overcome It

Edema is a condition of swelling of body tissues due to fluid buildup. Edema can be caused by various things and can appear in various parts of the body, such as the hands, feet, and arms

Edema is a sign of excess fluid trapped in body tissues. This excess fluid then builds up in the surrounding tissue and causes swelling.

Understanding the Causes of Edema and How to Overcome It - Alodokter

Edema that is mild and caused by inflammation generally does not cause symptoms. However, if the swelling experienced is large enough, this condition can trigger various symptoms, such as:

  • Swelling in the legs, arms, hands, or stomach
  • Stretch marks
  • Skin looks shiny
  • Hands appear on the skin when pressed

Various Factors That Cause Edema

In mild cases, the cause of edema is often the result of prolonged sitting or standing, minor injuries, too much s alt intake, symptoms of premenstrual syndrome, and pregnancy.

However, apart from these various causes, edema can also be a sign of a more serious medical condition. Some of the diseases and conditions that can cause edema include:

  • Congestive heart failure
  • liver disease, for example cirrhosis
  • Infection
  • Severe allergic reaction
  • Clogging of blood vessels
  • kidney disease
  • Disorders in the flow of lymph fluid (lymphatic system)
  • Protein deficiency or protein energy malnutrition

Edema can also occur as a side effect of long-term medications, such as high blood pressure medications, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, corticosteroid medications, estrogen medications, and diabetes medications.

Recognizing How to Treat Edema

Treatment of edema is carried out based on the underlying cause. Some types of edema treatment that can be done by doctors are:

1. Restriction of s alt consumption

Doctors may advise people with edema to reduce s alt intake in food or drinks. Too much s alt in the body can increase fluid buildup and make swelling worse.

2. Administration of drugs

To remove excess fluid that has accumulated, the doctor can give diuretic drugs. This drug serves to remove s alt and excess fluid from the body through urine. Diuretic drugs can be given to edema due to certain diseases, such as heart failure.

3. Giving albumin

Lack of albumin protein (hypoalbuminemia) in the blood can also cause edema. Albumin protein is known to be able to help hold fluid in the blood vessels from leaking into body tissues.

To increase albumin levels in the blood of people with edema, doctors will usually recommend eating high-protein foods, such as meat, fish, eggs, milk, cheese, and nuts, or giving albumin supplements.

4. Wash blood

Kidney failure can also cause edema. This occurs because the kidneys are no longer able to remove excess fluids, electrolytes, and s alt from the body. To treat edema due to kidney failure, doctors may recommend dialysis procedures.

In addition to medical treatment from doctors, edema can also be treated with independent treatment at home. The following are some ways that can be done to relieve the symptoms of edema that appear:

  • Eat he althy food and limit s alt intake
  • Avoiding cigarettes and alcoholic beverages
  • Using special stockings to prevent swelling from getting worse

The important thing to do to prevent and treat edema is to change your lifestyle and diet to be he althier, especially avoiding foods that are high in s alt.

If you experience edema, you should consult a doctor, especially if the edema does not go away. This is important so that the doctor can determine the cause of the edema you are experiencing and provide appropriate treatment.

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