Recognizing Causes and How to Overcome Blackheads

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Recognizing Causes and How to Overcome Blackheads
Recognizing Causes and How to Overcome Blackheads

Blackheads or blackheads are small dark bumps on the skin due to clogged pores. Blackheads usually appear on the face, but can also be found on other parts of the body, such as the back, chest, neck, shoulders, and hands

Blackheads generally do not cause pain like acne and are easily visible on the surface of the skin because of their dark color. Therefore, if it grows on the face, blackheads may interfere with appearance.

Recognize the Causes and How to Overcome Blackheads - Alodokter

Cause of Blackhead

Blackheads are formed due to the buildup or blockage of dead skin cells and oil in the hair follicles on the surface of the skin. This buildup then protrudes outside the pores and forms blackheads after being oxidized by air.

There are several factors that can increase the likelihood of blackheads appearing on the skin, namely:

  • Irritation of hair follicles
  • Excess oil production
  • Accumulation of Propionibacterium acnes bacteria on the skin
  • Changes in hormones, for example during menstruation or due to taking birth control pills or certain drugs

In addition, consuming certain foods and drinks is also believed to trigger the formation of blackheads, such as dairy products and foods that contain lots of sugar. However, this still requires further research.

How to Overcome Blackheads

Before dealing with blackheads, the first thing you should remember is never to squeeze or force them out.

Instead of healing, squeezing blackheads can actually increase inflammation and even worsen skin conditions. The reason is, there are lots of bacteria and dirt on your hands that can be transferred when you squeeze or force the blackhead out.

The following are some ways you can do to deal with blackheads:

1. Using products that contain salicylic acid

When buying skin care products, it is recommended to choose products that contain salicylic acid. This content has the ability to clean dead skin cells and excess oil, so that blackheads become more easily lost.

2. Using a retinoid cream or lotion

Creams or lotions containing retinoids are made of vitamin A which can open pores and help regenerate skin. This is what makes retinoid creams or lotions an option for treating blackheads, with or without a doctor's prescription.

Retinoids can make your skin more sensitive to UV rays. To avoid this, you are advised to use a retinoid cream or lotion just before going to bed at night, or as directed by a doctor.

3. Doing a chemical peel

This is a skin care method using chemicals, such as salicylic acid, glycolic acid, or retinoic acid.

When doing this treatment, the top layer of skin will be peeled off. The result is blackheads can be resolved, skin becomes smoother, and dead skin cells that can cause bladkheads to be lifted.

4. Undergo laser therapy

Laser therapy is a skin care method that involves shooting lasers into the skin to reduce excess oil production or kill bacteria on the skin.

One of the advantages of laser therapy to treat blackheads is that it can reach the lower layers of the skin without damaging the upper layers of the skin.

Tips to Prevent Blackheads

Having blackheads, especially on facial skin, is certainly not fun. As a precaution, you can try the tips below:

  • Wash your face 2 times a day, when you wake up and before going to bed.
  • Clean the face using fingertips gently, no need to use a sponge or brush that can irritate the skin.
  • Avoid direct sunlight.
  • Avoid touching your face unnecessarily.
  • Use alcohol-free skin care products.
  • Use a facial cleanser with a gentle scrub. Stop using if the scrub irritates the skin.
  • Use skin care products or cosmetics that do not cause blackheads (noncomedogenic).

Living a he althy lifestyle can also maintain overall skin he alth. Therefore, as much as possible make it a habit to always eat foods with balanced nutrition, drink lots of water, be diligent in exercising, and get enough sleep.

If blackheads don't get better even though you've tried some of the ways above, don't hesitate to consult a doctor. That way, the doctor can suggest a treatment that suits your skin condition.

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