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The types and causes of cysts are very diverse. Therefore, the treatment of cysts needs to be adjusted according to the underlying cause and severity
A cyst is a lump that appears under the skin's surface and is filled with fluid, air, or a solid substance resembling a growing flesh. Cysts can grow almost anywhere in the body, such as the face, scalp, back, groin, or even inside organs, such as the ovaries.
Most of the small cysts do not cause typical signs and symptoms, so they often go unnoticed. However, some types of cysts can be characterized by lumps that are sometimes painful.
Understanding the Different Types and Causes of Cysts
Most of the cysts have no known cause until now. However, several conditions are thought to trigger the formation of cysts, such as blockage of the body's fluid channels, cell damage, chronic inflammation, injury, infection, or genetic factors.
There are several types of cysts that are most commonly encountered, including:
1. Ganglion cyst
Ganglion cysts are lumps that often appear on the wrist, specifically the top of the joint and the tendon or tissue that connects muscle to bone. The lump is usually hard or rubbery and contains a clear, jelly-like fluid.
Until now, the exact cause of ganglion cysts is not known. However, a study states that ganglion cysts occur as a result of physical injury that causes tissue under the skin to be damaged.
2. Epidermoid cyst
Epidermoid cysts are hard, noncancerous lumps that develop under the skin and are often found on the head, neck, back, or genitals. Epidermoid cysts are usually caused by a buildup of keratin, a protein that occurs naturally in skin cells.
3. Breast cyst
Breast cysts are noncancerous lumps that grow in breast tissue and are round and filled with fluid. Breast cysts are generally experienced by women aged 30-50 years or before menopause.
Until now, the exact cause of breast cysts is not known. However, it is thought to be related to hormonal changes in the menstrual cycle.
4. Bartholin's Cyst
Bartholin's cyst is a lump that appears on both sides of the vaginal lips. In this area, there are Bartholin's glands which function to secrete lubricating fluid during sexual intercourse. Bartholin's cyst is formed when there is a blockage in the gland's duct.
5. Ovarian cyst
Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs that form on or on the surface of the ovaries. Ovarian cysts are divided into 2 types, namely cysts that appear as part of the menstrual cycle and cysts that are formed due to abnormal cell growth, such as dermoid cysts, adenoma cysts, and endometriosis.
Some types, such as ovarian cysts and Bartholin's require immediate treatment by a doctor. While other types of cysts, such as epidermoid cysts, breast cysts, and ganglion cysts, generally do not require special treatment because they do not cause disturbing symptoms or complaints.
Only, if the cyst is accompanied by symptoms such as pain, swelling, redness, or changes in the shape and size of the cyst, you should immediately consult a doctor for proper diagnosis and treatment.
Some of the medical treatments that doctors can do to treat cysts include:
The doctor will give contraceptive pills as hormonal therapy to treat ovarian and breast cysts. Meanwhile, antibiotics are given to treat Bartholin's cyst or if the cyst is infected.
Aspiration or suction of fluids
The aspiration method is done by piercing the cyst using a needle to suck and remove the fluid inside the cyst.
Surgery to remove the cyst is performed if the condition of the cyst is more severe, large in size, and causes pain or other symptoms. This procedure is done if other treatments are not able to treat the cyst.
Most cysts can't be prevented, but by always adopting a he althy lifestyle, you can reduce the chances of various types of cysts forming.
If you experience a lump that is suspected to be a cyst, especially if it causes pain or tingling, don't hesitate to consult a doctor to get the appropriate treatment.