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Headaches often appear suddenly and interfere with activities. To relieve it, you can take headache medications that are easily found in pharmacies or apply some natural home remedies
The efficacy of headache medicine will vary depending on the type of headache experienced. There are 2 types of headaches, namely primary and secondary headaches.
Cluster headaches, migraines, tension headaches, and daily persistent headaches are examples of primary headaches. Meanwhile, secondary headaches are usually caused by head injuries, high blood pressure, and sinusitis.
Variety of Powerful Headache Drugs
There are 3 types of drugs that are usually used to treat headaches, including:
- Pain reliever, to relieve pain and other headache symptoms
- Abortive therapy, to stop the headache process
- Preventive therapy, to reduce the frequency and severity of headaches
If the pain you feel is mild, there are several choices of powerful headache medicines that can be easily found in pharmacies, including:
Paracetamol is one of the most effective and widely used headache medications. The general dose of paracetamol consumption for adults is 1-2 tablets of 500 mg, every 4-6 hours. You can take paracetamol before or after meals.
Ibuprofen is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) commonly used as a headache medicine. Ibuprofen works by inhibiting the production of compounds that cause inflammation and pain, so headaches can be reduced. This drug has proven to be effective in dealing with tension headaches and migraines.
To relieve mild to moderate headaches, the usual dose of ibuprofen for adults is 1-2 tablets of 200 mg, every 4-6 hours. Before taking ibuprofen, make sure you have eaten first.
Another non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) commonly used as a powerful headache medicine is aspirin. Usually, aspirin is available in the form of 300 mg tablets.
The usual dose for adults (over 16 years old) is 1-2 tablets taken every 4-6 hours. Before taking aspirin, make sure you have eaten to prevent stomach pain.
This non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) is known to reduce symptoms due to tension headaches and relieve migraines. The maximum dose of naproxen is 660 milligrams per day, and is taken every 8–12 hours.
Although the above medicines can treat headaches you are experiencing, avoid using them too often because they can increase the frequency or worsen the headache symptoms.
Be sure to also read the packaging label on the headache medicine package to find out the right dose of medicine according to your condition.
How to Get Rid of Headaches Naturally
In addition to taking powerful headache medications, you can also apply some of these natural ways to speed up the headache healing process:
Enough fluid needs
Dehydration or lack of fluids is one of the most common causes of tension headaches and migraines. To treat and prevent headaches, make sure you get enough body fluids every day.
Consumption of ginger drink
The antioxidant and anti-inflammatory content in ginger is believed to be quite effective in relieving headaches. In addition, ginger is also thought to help reduce some of the symptoms that usually accompany headaches, such as nausea and vomiting.
In fact, several studies have shown that ginger powder has properties comparable to sumatriptan, a type of headache medication that is often used to reduce migraine pain.
Use cold compress
Cold compresses can reduce inflammation that causes pain and throbbing in headaches. All you have to do is wrap a few ice cubes in a clean, soft towel or cloth, then apply them to the back of your neck or temples.
Enough rest and exercise
You also have to get enough rest and exercise regularly so that the headaches you experience immediately subside. Lack of sleep is often associated with severe headaches, while exercise can reduce stress, which is one of the triggers for headaches.
Exercise does not have to be high-intensity and tiring, the important thing is to do it regularly. Exercise options that you can do include walking, jogging, or yoga.
Consuming a powerful headache medicine and applying some of the natural ways above can relieve the pain you are suffering. However, if headaches occur more than 2 times a week, you should consult your doctor for further examination and treatment.