Bad Mood During Menstruation, Here's The Explanation

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Bad Mood During Menstruation, Here's The Explanation
Bad Mood During Menstruation, Here's The Explanation

At the time of menstruation, women not only experience physical symptoms, such as pain or cramps in the stomach, but also emotional symptoms. One of the most common emotional symptoms experienced by women during menstruation is a bad mood or mood

Poor mood during menstruation is actually the effect of premenstrual syndrome (PMS), which generally occurs 1-2 weeks before menstruation.

Bad mood usually already exists from this time span and stops on the 2nd day of menstruation. However, during menstruation, bad moods can become more severe because they are accompanied by physical symptoms that cause discomfort.

Bad Mood During Menstruation, Here's The Explanation - Alodokter

The Hormone Estrogen and Its Relation to Bad Mood During Menstruation

Mood changes during PMS are caused by the ups and downs of estrogen hormone levels in the body. Estrogen levels are highest when an egg is released or ovulation occurs.

If fertilization does not occur during ovulation, you will enter the premenstrual period. It is during this time that your estrogen levels will drop drastically before finally increasing again.

Estrogen has many effects on the body. When it comes to mood, this hormone can affect the production and effects of endorphins, which are elements in the brain that make you feel comfortable and happy. Estrogen will also increase serotonin levels which play a role in appetite, mood, and sleep patterns.

The effect of the hormone estrogen on each woman can be different. Some women can be more sensitive to changes in estrogen levels in the future than other women. This group of women is the most vulnerable to having a bad mood during menstruation.

In addition to the menstrual cycle, being in a state of stress, anxiety, depression, or being on a diet are some other factors that can affect the rise and fall of the hormone estrogen.

Tips to Keep Mood Stable During Menstruation

Although it may always happen to you, mood swings during your period are not uncontrollable. Here are some things you can do to keep your mood stable during your period:

  • Do exercise regularly, especially during the premenstrual period.
  • Drink lots of water.
  • Avoid smoking and alcoholic beverages.
  • Avoid consumption of foods and drinks that contain caffeine, such as coffee and tea.
  • Consumption of he althy snacks between main meals.
  • Consumption of low-fat milk to meet the needs of calcium and vitamin D.

In addition, during the period before and during menstruation, as much as possible also limit yourself from unnecessary debates, especially regarding sensitive matters such as financial issues or personal relationships.

Try to apply some of the tips above to prevent a bad mood during menstruation, while keeping your stamina in prime condition.

However, if your PMS symptoms have seriously interfered with your daily activities, you should consult your doctor, including if these symptoms do not go away until a few days after your period. You are also advised to consult a doctor if PMS symptoms get worse.

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