This is the Meaning of Informed Consent that is Important to Know

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This is the Meaning of Informed Consent that is Important to Know
This is the Meaning of Informed Consent that is Important to Know
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Informed consent is the delivery of information from a doctor or nurse to a patient before a medical action is taken. This is important because every patient has the right to know the risks and benefits of the medical procedure he or she will undergo

Almost everyone has been sick and requires certain medical actions or treatment, such as surgery or surgery. However, before any medical action is taken, the doctor will explain in advance the steps, benefits, and risks of the medical procedure.

This is the Meaning of Informed Consent that is Important to Know - Alodokter

After getting an explanation from the doctor and understanding it, the patient can decide to agree to the recommended medical treatment or refuse it. This is called informed consent. In some countries, informed consent also plays an important role in euthanasia procedures.

Why is Informed Consent Important?

With clear and good informed consent, patients will understand all the benefits and risks as well as the goals of treatment that will be given by the doctor, including the level of success of the action or therapy.

This is important to prevent misunderstanding of patients who often perceive an action as malpractice if the result is not as expected.

In a clinic, he alth center, or hospital, informed consent will usually be requested in a form or a written letter that includes:

  • Identity of patient and doctor
  • Name of disease or information regarding the patient's diagnosis or medical condition
  • Types of examination or treatment procedures recommended or to be performed by the doctor
  • Risks and benefits of the medical action to be taken
  • Risks and benefits of alternative actions, including not choosing the procedure
  • Estimated cost of medical procedures and treatment
  • Hope for healing or success rate of action or therapy

After the patient reads and agrees to the informed consent, it means that the patient:

  • Receive all information about the choice of procedures and treatment that will be given by the doctor
  • Understanding the information provided and having the opportunity to ask questions
  • Deciding whether to follow the recommended treatment steps or reject the action

If the patient agrees to undergo a medical action from the doctor, either for the purpose of examination or treatment, the doctor or nurse will ask the patient to sign an informed consent letter stating that consent.

However, if the patient refuses, the doctor or nurse can also ask the patient to sign an informed consent letter stating that the patient does not agree to undergo medical treatment and understands the consequences of his choice.

When is Informed Consent Given?

Ideally, informed consent is given before a medical procedure is performed, especially a high-risk procedure. Some medical procedures that generally require informed consent from the patient are:

  • Giving anesthesia or anesthesia
  • Blood transfusion and blood donation
  • Radiation therapy or radiotherapy and chemotherapy
  • Stitching the wound
  • Immunization
  • psychiatric medical examination
  • Specific investigations, such as biopsy, bone marrow aspiration, lumbar puncture, and HIV or VCT test
  • Procedures for organ donation and acceptance

However, in an emergency situation, informed consent can be given after a medical procedure is performed, for example in an emergency case in a hospital emergency room. This is to prevent delays in patient care which can lead to disability or even death.

Beyond the purpose of diagnosis or treatment, informed consent is also requested when patients want to take part in clinical research on the effectiveness of drugs or vaccines.

Can Informed Consent Be Represented?

Informed consent is generally given to patients who are legally mature (age 18 years or older), can understand the doctor's explanation well, are fully aware, and have a he althy mental condition.

If deemed unable to decide on informed consent, the patient can be represented. The following are some conditions when informed consent can be represented:

Patients underage

For young patients, such as infants and children, or adolescents under the age of 18, informed consent can be represented by parents or guardians.

Invalid condition

For patients with conditions of loss of consciousness, such as fainting or coma, so that it is not possible to give an explanation or ask for their opinion, the informed consent agreement can be represented by the family or guardian.

This also applies to patients with thinking disorders, such as Alzheimer's disease or mental disorders.

When consulting a doctor, remember to ask for as complete an explanation as possible regarding the diagnosis of the disease, advice on treatment or medical action, as well as the risks and benefits of the treatment steps to be taken.

Before deciding to undergo treatment, understand all the risks and benefits of the action to be taken, as well as the consequences if you do not undergo the action. If you understand the doctor's explanation, you can agree or reject the action through informed consent.

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