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Various kinds of cysts can form or grow in various areas of the body, from the face to the ovaries. Unlike other diseases, cysts often have no known cause and rarely cause symptoms
A cyst is a sac filled with fluid, gas, or solid material that forms anywhere on the body, including the face, scalp, back, arms, legs, and internal organs such as the liver, ovaries, uterus, kidneys or brain.
Most of the cysts are generally harmless or noncancerous. However, there are also cysts that can develop into cancer.
Types of Cysts that are Important to Know
Cysts come in many different types, as well as how they form. Here are the types of cysts you need to know about:
1. Ovarian cyst
Ovarian cysts are lumps or fluid-filled sacs that grow on the ovaries or ovaries. This condition is quite common among women. Most ovarian cysts are harmless and will go away on their own without special treatment.
The appearance of ovarian cysts tends to cause no symptoms. However, if an ovarian cyst grows to a large size and ruptures, it can cause serious symptoms, such as abdominal swelling, fever, fainting, dizziness, rapid breathing, and severe pelvic or abdominal pain.
2. Epidermoid cyst
Epidermoid cysts are benign lumps that can grow on any part of the skin, such as the face, neck, head, back, and genitals. Epidermoid cysts are usually rare. However, in some cases, this type of cyst can be unsightly, painful, or infected.
3. Breast cyst
Breast cysts are fluid-filled lumps that grow in breast tissue. This type of cyst is generally benign or does not develop into cancer cells. In some cases, breast cysts do not require special treatment, unless the cyst gets bigger and causes pain.
4. Ganglion cyst
Ganglion cysts are benign lumps that appear along the joints. Usually, these cysts grow on the wrist or knuckles. Although rare, ganglion cysts can appear in other places, such as the fingertips, outer knees, ankles, and backs of the feet.
5. Dermoid cyst
Dermoid cyst is an abnormal growth of pouch in the body that contains various kinds of tissue structures, such as hair follicles, sweat glands, teeth, and nervous tissue.
Dermoid cysts can appear on the surface of the skin or other organs in the body, such as the spine, brain, sinus cavities, abdominal cavity, and ovaries.
6. Baker's Cyst
Baker's cyst is a fluid-filled sac that causes a lump behind the knee to appear. The pain from this condition may become worse when the knee is moved frequently.
Baker's cyst is generally caused by an excess buildup of joint lubricating fluid (synovial fluid) in the knee tissue. This condition is triggered by a number of problems with the knee, such as arthritis or tearing of the cartilage in the knee.
In some cases, Baker's cysts are painless and often go unnoticed. However, you should see a doctor immediately if a Baker's cyst causes pain and swelling behind the knee that interferes with activities.
7. Bartholin's Cyst
Bartholin's cyst is a swelling or lump in one or both of the vaginal lubricating glands or Bartholin's glands located on the side of the vagina. These cysts can form when the gland becomes blocked.
Bartholin's cyst infection can be caused by bacterial infections that cause sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), such as gonorrhea and chlamydia. Bartholin's cyst can be painful when infected.
8. Kidney cyst
Kidney cysts are fluid-filled sacs that form in the kidneys. Kidney cysts are divided into 2 types, namely simple kidney cysts and polycystic kidney disease.
The most common type of cyst is a simple kidney cyst. This type of cyst is a benign cyst and does not develop into cancer, and rarely causes serious complications.
Usually, simple kidney cysts cause no symptoms at all.However, symptoms will appear when the cyst grows large enough or has become infected. Symptoms include fever, pain in the back, waist or upper abdomen, frequent urination, and blood in the urine.
While other types of kidney cysts, namely polycystic kidney disease, are conditions that run in families and can cause kidney damage. These cysts can cause symptoms such as high blood pressure, back pain, and bloody urine. However, not all sufferers of this disease will experience these symptoms.
In addition to the various cysts above, there are various other types of cysts, including epididymal cysts, pancreatic cysts, thyroid cysts, conjunctival cysts, hemorrhagic cysts, mucosal cysts, and pineal cysts.
Although various cysts will generally go away on their own, you should still see a doctor if a lump appears on your body. This is done to prevent complications or other more serious he alth problems and so that the doctor can remove the cyst, if the cyst is dangerous.