Table of contents:
- Additional Breast Nipple Marks
- Types of Additional Breast Nipples
- Risks Behind Additional Breast Nipples
- Additional Breast Nipple Treatment
Additional nipple or also called third breast nipple is a condition where there is excess nipple outside the two nipples of the right and left breasts. This condition can be experienced by both women and men, and often goes undetected because it is considered a mole or normal birthmark
Additional nipples form during development in the womb and can appear anywhere along the milk line, the line where breast tissue has the potential to emerge and develop. This line runs from the armpits to the groin.
Additional nipple development is influenced by hormones. It is estimated that around 6% of people worldwide have more than two nipples.
This condition is congenital and usually harmless, but sometimes it is accompanied by other congenital diseases, such as congenital heart disease or kidney disease.
Additional breast nipples are more common in men than women. Although the most common additional nipple abnormalities are three in number, including normal nipples, it is possible for a person to have up to eight nipples.
Additional Breast Nipple Marks
Additional nipples appear from birth, the number can be one or several. In most cases, the nipple of the extra breast is much smaller than the normal nipple, and often looks similar to a mole.
These extra nipples can also be pink or brown in color, and usually the center of the nipple protrudes from the surface of the skin. Sometimes, there is a hollow in the middle of the nipple, and hair grows at puberty.
If these extra nipples also contain glandular breast tissue, then the extra nipple area may enlarge during puberty, swell, and become tender before menstruation. Then when breastfeeding, this additional nipple can also secrete milk.
Types of Additional Breast Nipples
Based on the existing tissue composition, additional nipples are divided into six categories, namely:
Category 1In this condition called polymastia, there is a nipple and areola, which is a dark area around the nipple, with breast tissue underneath.
Category 2In this category, the nipple does not have areola, but has breast tissue underneath.
Category 3This category indicates that there is breast tissue and areola, but no nipple.
Category 4This category means there is breast tissue, but no nipple or areola.
Category 5In this condition called pseudomamma, the nipple and areola have fatty tissue underneath, but no breast tissue.
Category 6This condition is called polythelia, where there is a nipple, but no areola or breast tissue underneath.
Risks Behind Additional Breast Nipples
Although rare, an extra nipple can be a sign of a congenital breast defect or an early sign of a tumor or cancer.
One of the genes that can cause additional nipples to appear, namely a gene called the Scaramanga gene, also allows the additional nipple to develop breast cancer, as in normal breasts.
Not only that, certain types of nipple enhancement, such as polythelia (category 6), are also often associated with kidney disorders, such as end-stage kidney disease or kidney cancer.
Additional Breast Nipple Treatment
Additional breast nipples usually do not require medical attention. However, some people want to have their extra nipple removed because it is considered disturbing appearance or because it causes discomfort, such as milk discharge or pain.
The surgical procedure for additional nipple removal varies, depending on whether the nipple is accompanied by breast tissue underneath or not.
On additional nipples without breast tissue, removal can be done with a simple surgical procedure, similar to mole removal. Meanwhile, for nipples that are accompanied by breast tissue, breast removal surgery (mastectomy) can be performed.
In general, extra nipples are harmless and not cancerous. Even so, to confirm the condition, it is recommended that you consult a doctor, especially if there are changes in the nipples, such as nipples becoming too dry, rashes or lumps appear.
Sonny Seputra, M.Ked.Klin, Sp.B, FINACS