Mosquito Life Cycle and How to Break It to Prevent Disease

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Mosquito Life Cycle and How to Break It to Prevent Disease
Mosquito Life Cycle and How to Break It to Prevent Disease
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Information about the mosquito life cycle is an important thing that you need to know. Although it seems trivial, this is good to understand as a preventive measure against the risk of transmitting various types of diseases through mosquito bites

Mosquitoes are one type of insect that can mediate various diseases, ranging from dengue fever, chikungunya, malaria, elephantiasis, to Zika virus infection. Various types of viruses and parasites that cause these diseases can enter the human body through their bites.

The Mosquito Life Cycle and How to Break It To Prevent Disease - Alodokter

There are various types of mosquitoes and each type can carry different diseases. For example, dengue, chikungunya, and Zika virus infections are transmitted by the Aedes aegypti mosquito, while malaria and elephantiasis are transmitted by the Anopheles mosquito.

Knowing the Mosquito Life Cycle

No matter what type, mosquitoes have a life cycle that is similar to each other. The following are the stages in the mosquito life cycle:

1. Egg

The mosquito life cycle begins with the mosquito eggs released by adult female mosquitoes. An adult female mosquito can lay up to 100–300 eggs at a time. These mosquitoes usually like to lay their eggs in watery places such as used tubs, tires or buckets, water dispenser containers, or flower pots where the water is rarely changed.

Mosquito eggs can last up to about 8 months in a dry environment. However, on average, mosquito eggs can hatch into mosquito larvae or larvae within 24-48 hours. The length of time for mosquito eggs to hatch depends on the temperature of the water and the environment in which the mosquitoes lay their eggs.

2. Mosquito larvae or larva

Mosquito larvae or larvae look like small caterpillars in the water, with an average size of 1 cm. Larvae can live in water for a period of 4–14 days, depending on the water temperature.

Mosquito larvae get their food intake from microorganisms or food debris in the water and can change their skin several times before turning into pupae.

3. Pupa

Mosquito pupae or cocoons are still alive in the water. At this stage, the pupa has no mouth and does not eat. The shape will look a bit like a larva, but the head size is bigger and rounder.

The mosquito life cycle is the last phase that occurs in the water. The pupa will usually survive in the water for about 1-4 days, then develop into an adult mosquito.

4. Adult Mosquito

After becoming adults, female mosquitoes will suck the blood of humans and animals to live and look for water sources to lay eggs. Meanwhile, male mosquitoes will survive by consuming flower nectar.

When sucking blood, mosquitoes will pierce the skin and inject their saliva into the human bloodstream. When the skin is bitten, the human immune system will react to eradicate mosquito saliva which is considered a foreign object.

That's why mosquito bites can cause reactions in the form of itchy skin, redness, and bumps. In addition to producing these reactions, mosquito bites can also transmit various diseases due to the entry of viruses or parasites into the body.

How to Break the Correct Mosquito Life Cycle

To prevent the transmission of various diseases that can be carried by mosquitoes, it is important to break the life cycle of mosquitoes and prevent them from breeding. Here are some ways you can do this:

Fogging

Fogging is done by spraying pesticide ingredients to kill mosquitoes widely. This method is effective for killing adult mosquitoes, but not effective for killing mosquito eggs and larvae.

You can ask the local he alth office or he alth center to conduct fogging, especially if there are several local residents who are infected with mosquito-borne infectious diseases.

3M Plus

Prevention measures can also be taken by implementing 3M, namely by draining water tanks and reservoirs, closing water reservoirs tightly, and reusing used goods. This step is effective in preventing mosquitoes from nesting and breeding.

In addition to 3M, the government has also introduced the 3M Plus program, which is an additional preventive measure to prevent disease transmission through mosquitoes.

3M Plus' efforts are carried out by sprinkling larvicide powder (abate) or keeping fish that prey on mosquito larvae to kill larvae in water reservoirs that are difficult to clean.

In addition to breaking the mosquito life cycle through the above methods, there are several other things you can do to prevent mosquito bites, including:

  • Use insect repellent, either in the form of a spray, lotion, or gel, before going to bed at night.
  • Install mosquito netting on every window, door and air vent to prevent mosquitoes from entering the house.
  • Avoid the habit of hanging clothes, because it has the potential to become a mosquito breeding ground.
  • Use mosquito nets around the bed and turn on the air conditioner or fan to prevent mosquitoes from getting close to your body.
  • Wear long-sleeved shirts and pants to bed and choose light-colored clothes, if possible.

Breaking the mosquito life cycle is an important step to prevent the transmission of diseases transmitted by these tiny animals. You are advised to stay alert and consult a doctor if you experience symptoms of high fever, red spots on the skin, headaches, and joint pain.

These symptoms could be a sign of dengue fever, malaria, or other he alth problems caused by mosquito bites.

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