Recognizing the Symptoms of Sinusitis and How to Overcome It

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Recognizing the Symptoms of Sinusitis and How to Overcome It
Recognizing the Symptoms of Sinusitis and How to Overcome It

The symptoms of sinusitis at first glance are similar to flu symptoms, because they both cause a runny nose, stuffy nose, and headaches. Although initially classified as mild, sinusitis symptoms can develop into severe and interfere with daily activities

The symptoms of sinusitis are caused by inflammation of the sinus walls. This inflammation can be caused by a viral, bacterial, or fungal infection. Symptoms of sinusitis vary and can last from several weeks to months.

Recognize the Symptoms of Sinusitis and How to Overcome Them - Alodokter

Sinusitis Symptoms

Sinusitis symptoms that appear will depend on the severity of the sinusitis suffered. In acute sinusitis, symptoms last only a short time, which is less than 4 weeks. Acute sinusitis is usually a minor complication, such as the flu or other upper respiratory tract disease.

Some of the symptoms of acute sinusitis include:

  • Stuffy nose
  • Runny nose with yellow or green color, and thick texture
  • Sore throat
  • Cough, which usually gets worse at night
  • Headache
  • Mucus that flows from the back of the throat (postnasal drip)
  • Pain behind the eyes, nose, cheeks, or forehead
  • Toothache and ear
  • Bad breath
  • Reduced sense of taste and smell
  • Fever

If your sinusitis does not go away or has been going on for 12 weeks, it means that your condition has progressed to chronic sinusitis.

In chronic sinusitis, the symptoms that appear are almost similar to the symptoms of acute sinusitis, but are usually not accompanied by fever. Not only that, chronic sinusitis can make it more difficult for you to breathe through your nose, because the mucus that comes out of your nose can harden and block your airway.

How to Overcome Sinusitis Symptoms

You are advised to consult a doctor if you experience symptoms of sinusitis. The doctor will perform the following tests to diagnose your condition:

  • Ask about your medical history and symptoms
  • Perform physical examination
  • Conduct further examinations, such as CT scan, MRI, or nasal endoscopy

After it is confirmed that you are suffering from sinusitis, then the treatment will be carried out. Treatment of sinusitis symptoms should be based on the cause of the sinusitis itself. If it doesn't match, symptoms can recur and even get worse.

The following are medicines that doctors give to relieve sinusitis symptoms based on the cause:

1. Spray decongestant

Decongestant spray can shrink the swollen lining of the nasal wall and increase the flow of mucus from the sinuses. However, this treatment is not recommended for children under 6 years of age.

2. Antibiotics

If sinusitis is caused by a bacterial infection, the doctor will prescribe antibiotics. You must take this medicine as directed by your doctor. Inappropriate use can make bacteria resistant to antibiotics and make sinusitis symptoms worse.

3. Antihistamines

If sinusitis is caused by allergies, the doctor will give you an antihistamine. This drug is able to relieve symptoms of allergies that cause swelling of the nasal passages and sinuses.

4. Nasal corticosteroid

Corticosteroids play a role in preventing and treating inflammation of the sinuses. This medicine can also be used to shrink nasal polyps that cause sinusitis.

In addition to these drugs, pain relievers will usually also be prescribed by a doctor, especially if sinusitis causes a fever.

While in cases of sinusitis caused by a deformity of the nasal structure, such as nasal polyps or deviated septum, surgery may be recommended.

To help relieve sinusitis symptoms, you are advised to consume lots of water, get enough rest, compress your face with warm compresses, and use a humidifier if you are in a dry room more often.

If your sinusitis symptoms last for more than a week, get worse, or are accompanied by a fever with a body temperature of more than 38⁰C, you should go to the doctor for appropriate treatment.

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