Knowing the Symptoms and How to Prevent Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever

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Knowing the Symptoms and How to Prevent Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever
Knowing the Symptoms and How to Prevent Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever

Dengue hemorrhagic fever is a disease that needs to be watched out for when entering the rainy season. Well, there is a way to prevent dengue hemorrhagic fever that is important to know so that you and your family avoid this disease

Dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) is caused by infection with the dengue virus that enters the human body through the bite of the Aedes aegypti mosquito. This mosquito lays eggs and breeds in puddles, so there are many in the rainy season.

Knowing the Symptoms and How to Prevent Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever - Alodokter

There are some similarities in the symptoms of dengue fever with COVID-19 which can cause delays in handling. Meanwhile, if not treated properly, dengue can cause dangerous complications. Therefore, you need to know how to prevent dengue hemorrhagic fever in order to avoid this disease.

How to spread dengue fever and its symptoms

DHF transmission can occur when you are bitten by the Aedes aegypti mosquito. That's when the dengue virus enters the body. About 4–7 days after being infected with the dengue virus, you may experience the following symptoms of dengue:

  • High fever reaching 40°Celsius or more
  • Headache
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Muscle, joint or bone pain
  • Red rash appears on the skin
  • Pain behind the eye
  • Exhaustion

For some people, the symptoms of DHF experienced are relatively mild so they are often mistaken for symptoms of the common cold. The symptoms of DHF above generally last for 10 days, then heal by themselves.

In severe cases, dengue can cause a drastic drop in platelets. This condition can be dangerous and has the potential to cause bleeding complications and shock (dengue shock syndrome).

Therefore, you need to be alert and immediately consult a doctor if you experience dangerous symptoms of DHF, such as:

  • severe stomach pain
  • Nosebleed
  • Bleeding gums
  • Easy to bruise on the skin
  • Coldness or chills
  • Shortness of breath
  • Weak
  • Vomiting constantly
  • Pooping or urinating with blood

How to Prevent Dengue

To be protected from viruses and mosquitoes that cause DHF, there are several ways you can do, including:

1. Installing mosquito nets and screens

Installing mosquito nets on beds and screens on doors and windows can be a way to prevent dengue hemorrhagic fever. Mosquito nets and screens can prevent mosquitoes from outside the house from entering the house and biting you. In addition, close all the holes in the windows and doors in the house so that mosquitoes cannot enter.

2. Turn on the air conditioner or fan

Some research shows that the flow of air from a fan or air conditioner can prevent mosquitoes from flying near the body.

In addition, mosquitoes carrying the dengue virus can detect body odor when they want to bite the skin. The use of fans or air conditioners is believed to be able to spread the body's natural odor in the room, so that mosquitoes will be confused to find the real source of the odor.

3. Using mosquito repellent

You can also use mosquito repellent spray or topical to prevent dengue mosquito bites. However, make sure you choose an insect repellent that contains safe chemicals, such as DEET, picaridin, or IR3535.

If you want to use natural ingredients, you can choose eucalyptus (eucalyptus) oil or essential oils made from lavender, lemon, peppermint, or lemongrass.

4. Wearing closed clothes

To prevent mosquito bites, you can also wear long-sleeved shirts, long pants, and socks when you are outdoors. Make sure you choose clothes that can absorb sweat so you don't feel hot.

5. Applying 3M

The 3M program is a government step to prevent the transmission of dengue virus in the community. This program includes cleaning water reservoirs, such as bathroom tubs, fish ponds, and flower vases, closing water containers, and recycling used items that have the potential to become mosquito breeding grounds.

6. Getting dengue vaccine

Since September 2016, dengue vaccine has been available in Indonesia. This vaccine can be given to children over 9 years of age and adults. Although it cannot prevent mosquito bites, this vaccine can prevent severe dengue symptoms.

However, the effectiveness of the dengue vaccine is still uncertain and it is also not recommended to give the vaccine to people who have never been exposed to the dengue virus before. Therefore, you need to consult a doctor if you want to get a dengue vaccine.

7. Taking vitamin C

In addition to the various ways above, you also need to strengthen your immune system so you are not easily infected with the dengue virus. This immune system can be strengthened by consuming vitamin C which is found in fruits and vegetables, such as guava, oranges, kiwi, broccoli, strawberries, tomatoes, and spinach or taking vitamin C supplements.

Not only with vitamin C, you are also advised to live a he althy lifestyle, including eating nutritious foods, exercising regularly, and getting enough rest time, to strengthen your immune system.

However, prevention is better than cure. Therefore, protect yourself by doing various ways to prevent dengue hemorrhagic fever above. If you feel the symptoms of dengue fever, especially during the rainy season, immediately go to the doctor or the nearest hospital to get the right treatment.

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