Table of contents:
- Conditions Treated by Orthopedic Hip and Knee Specialists
- Actions Performed by Orthopedic Hip and Knee Specialists
- The Right Time to Check with an Orthopedic Doctor Hip and Knee Specialist
- Preparations for an Orthopedic Hip and Knee Specialist
An orthopedic doctor who specializes in hip and knee is a doctor who has a special ability to diagnose and treat disorders of the bones, muscles, joints, or ligaments in the hips and knees. These disturbances can occur due to certain injuries or diseases
To become an orthopedic doctor specializing in hip and knee, a general practitioner must first become an orthopedic specialist, then take and complete a subspeci alty program that specifically treats hips and knees.
The aim of treatment performed by an orthopedic doctor who specializes in hip and knee is to allow patients to move more freely, so that they can return to their normal activities.
Conditions Treated by Orthopedic Hip and Knee Specialists
The following are various disorders that can be treated by an orthopedic doctor who specializes in hip and knee:
- Repeated knee dislocation
- Anterior knee ligament injury
- Meniscus injury
- Inflammation of the knee and hip joints, such as rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis
- hip fracture
- Deformities of the lower limbs in adults, such as X-shaped and O-shaped feet
- Chondromalacia or cartilage damage to the kneecap
- Trauma that causes joint damage
- Joint and bone disorders that occur in the knee or hip due to genetic disorders or birth defects
- Patellofemoral pain syndrome
Actions Performed by Orthopedic Hip and Knee Specialists
An orthopedic hip and knee specialist can diagnose hip and knee disorders, as well as measure their severity.
In addition to performing a physical examination, this sub-specialist doctor can perform additional examinations if necessary, such as blood tests, urine tests, X-rays, CT scans, or MRIs.
Depending on the detected disorder, hip and knee orthopedic specialists can perform actions, such as:
- Total knee replacement
- Total hip replacement
- Installation of the pen on the hip fracture
- Knee joint arthroscopy, to see and correct problems in the knee joint cavity directly
- Knee ligament repair
After the procedure, usually the patient must undergo physiotherapy and use a walker first. Patients can return to work or normal activities in about 1-3 months. This depends on their he alth and progress during the recovery process.
The Right Time to Check with an Orthopedic Doctor Hip and Knee Specialist
You are advised to consult an orthopedic doctor who specializes in hip and knee after receiving a referral from a general practitioner or orthopedic doctor. However, you can also immediately consult this subspecialist doctor if you experience complaints, such as:
- Joint pain and muscle stiffness in the knees and hips
- Pain that gets worse when doing activities, such as long standing or exercising
- Difficulty walking, climbing stairs, getting out of a chair, or doing other activities that have been going on for a long time
- Physical injury causing severe knee or hip pain
- Like friction or cracks when bending or stretching the knee
- Swelling in the knee joint that doesn't get better after a few days
- Knees look crooked since childhood
Preparations for an Orthopedic Hip and Knee Specialist
To make it easier for an orthopedic doctor who specializes in hip and knee in determining diagnosis and treatment, there are several things that you should prepare before meeting him, namely:
- Notes on complaints experienced
- Notes regarding the history of injuries and treatments that have been carried out, such as drugs or surgery, including traditional massage or massage
- Notes regarding history of drug allergies, including anesthesia, if any
- Documents containing medical evaluations from previous doctors, including results of examinations (medical records) and treatment, if any
Those are the things you should prepare before seeing an orthopedic doctor who specializes in hip and knee. Apart from medical documents, your own notes will prevent you from forgetting to share important information with your doctor.
To determine which hip and knee orthopedic doctor you want to visit, you can ask your relatives or family who have had experience with this subspeci alty doctor. However, if you are still in doubt, you can seek advice from an orthopedic or general practitioner.