The Causes of Nuclear Cataracts and How to Treat It

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The Causes of Nuclear Cataracts and How to Treat It
The Causes of Nuclear Cataracts and How to Treat It

Nuclear cataract is an eye disease characterized by clouding of the lens of the eye in the middle (nucleus). Nuclear cataracts or nuclear cataracts are among the most common types of cataracts, especially in the elderly

Nuclear cataracts generally develop slowly. Over time, the lens will harden and turn yellow or brown, which can interfere with vision. Nuclear cataracts or untreated nuclear cataracts can lead to serious complications, such as blindness.

Causes of Nuclear Cataracts and How to Treat It - Alodokter

The Causes of Nuclear Cataracts

The aging process is a major risk factor for nuclear cataracts. This is because as we age, the proteins in the lens can clump together and block the entry of light, thereby interfering with the sufferer's vision.

Besides age, there are also several other factors that can increase a person's risk of developing nuclear cataracts, including:

  • Too often exposed to the sun
  • Suffer from diabetes, obesity, and high blood pressure
  • Have had eye surgery
  • Have had an eye injury
  • Consuming corticosteroids in the long term
  • Has a family with cataracts
  • Smoking and excessive alcohol consumption

Various Symptoms of Nuclear Cataract

Most nuclear cataract sufferers are not aware of the presence of visual disturbances in the early stages of cataracts. This is because cataracts affect only a small part of the eye's lens. However, over time, cataracts will expand and cause a number of symptoms including:

  • Blurred or dim vision
  • Double vision in the eye affected by cataract
  • Difficulty seeing objects at night
  • Seeing halos around the light source
  • It's easier to glare when you see strong light in dark places, for example from vehicle headlights
  • Change glasses often
  • Need a brighter light when reading or doing other activities
  • Colors look faded or yellowed

How to Treat Nuclear Cataract

How to treat nuclear cataracts or nuclear cataracts can be done in 2 steps, namely through lifestyle changes or surgery. For more details, see the explanation below:

Lifestyle changes

Lifestyle changes are usually made to help patients manage their nuclear cataract symptoms. There are several ways to do this, namely:

  • Change prescription glasses with stronger lenses.
  • Use sunglasses with anti-glare coating.
  • Use a magnifying glass to help with reading.
  • Avoid driving vehicles at night.

Nuclear cataract surgery

Surgery is the only effective nuclear cataract treatment. Cataract surgery is usually considered when nuclear cataracts have affected quality of life or interfere with daily activities, such as reading or driving.

In cataract surgery, the cloudy lens will be removed and replaced with an artificial lens. Artificial lenses, also known as intraocular lenses, are made of plastic or silicone. However, if the intraocular lens cannot be inserted, the patient must wear glasses or contact lenses for clear vision after surgery.

Cataract surgery is generally safe and has a high success rate. After surgery, you may feel uncomfortable for a few days. However, after 1-2 weeks, you should be able to return to your activities with much better eyesight.

The early symptoms of nuclear cataracts or nuclear cataracts are often not noticed. In addition, the development of the disease also occurs slowly. These two things are factors that cause nuclear cataracts to be treated only when the symptoms are severe.

Therefore, it's a good idea to have your eye he alth checked by a doctor regularly, about once every 1-2 years, especially if you are over 65 years old. You may need regular eye exams from the age of 40 if you have risk factors for cataracts.

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