Table of contents:
Maybe many of you have heard of the term midwife and doula. However, many also think that midwives and doulas have a similar role. Even though they both accompany pregnant women, the duties of midwives and doulas are very different, you know
The midwife is a professional he alth worker who can provide medical assistance to pregnant women from the time of pregnancy, childbirth, until the baby is born. To become a midwife, one must first graduate from midwifery education.
Meanwhile, doulas are not medical personnel, but professionals who have been trained and certified to assist pregnant women. Doulas are tasked with providing emotional and physical support, as well as information needed by pregnant women during pregnancy and postpartum.
The Difference Between Midwife and Doula Role
Broadly speaking, the difference between a midwife and a doula is in the type of service. Midwives provide medical assistance to pregnant women, while doulas are more focused on psychological services.
When described in detail, the tasks that midwives can perform are as follows:
- Doing an examination during pregnancy to monitor the he alth condition of the fetus.
- Provide recommendations regarding food, types of exercise, medicines, and general he alth information to pregnant women.
- Providing knowledge to pregnant women regarding the period of pregnancy, childbirth, and baby care.
- Help pregnant women in planning the delivery process.
- Guiding pregnant women during the delivery process.
- Help pregnant women during and after normal delivery.
Unlike midwives, doulas are not allowed to engage in any medical procedures. However, often a doula is needed to bridge the communication between pregnant women and medical personnel. Usually pregnant women have started to be accompanied by a doula since the second or third trimester.
Doula's job is to help pregnant women to create a safe and emotionally comfortable environment during their pregnancy. Doulas also provide support to pregnant women in going through every phase that must be passed.
Some of the services a doula can provide include:
- Teaching pregnant women relaxation and breathing techniques.
- Help pregnant women to understand delivery procedures and possible complications.
- Help realize the birth plan.
- Teaching childbirth techniques so that you can give birth comfortably.
- Accompany and encourage pregnant women during childbirth.
- Making pregnant women who are in the process of giving birth feel calm and comfortable, for example by massaging and giving them drinks or snacks.
- Giving praise and support when a new mother starts breastfeeding.
- Helping new mothers understand how to properly care for their babies.
- Helps mothers and other family members to bond with their newborns.
- Ensuring mom gets enough rest, eats regularly, is hydrated, and feels comfortable.
Pregnancy, childbirth and breastfeeding is a long process and can be challenging for some people. Well, at this time the midwife is the "big brother" who will make sure you and your baby are he althy.Meanwhile, a doula is a "friend" who will understand your concerns and always help and accompany you.
So if you need someone who can always accompany, encourage, comfort, and help you during pregnancy and postpartum, a doula is the answer. However, if you are experiencing physical complaints related to your pregnancy, a more appropriate person for you to meet is a midwife.
To find the right midwife or doula, you can seek information from relatives who have used the services of these two professions or read reviews on the internet. However, keep in mind that not all pregnancies go by the same process.
Sometimes, there are pregnant women whose pregnancy or mental conditions cannot be handled by a midwife or doula and must be taken to a gynecologist. Therefore, it would be better if you consult with your doctor first to make sure the condition of your pregnancy can be handled by the midwife and doula.