Get to know the Ophthalmologist Pediatric Ophthalmologist and the Diseases He Treats

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Get to know the Ophthalmologist Pediatric Ophthalmologist and the Diseases He Treats
Get to know the Ophthalmologist Pediatric Ophthalmologist and the Diseases He Treats

Pediatric ophthalmologist ophthalmologist is an ophthalmologist who focuses on diagnosing and treating children's eye he alth problems, both those that are present at birth and those that are acquired after birth

Ophthalmologists, pediatric ophthalmologists, have a special ability to recognize signs of eye disorders or abnormalities, even though children and infants cannot express the complaints they feel. Pediatric ophthalmology ophthalmologists also have a special approach, so that children can feel comfortable during the examination and treatment.

Getting to know the Ophthalmologist Pediatric Ophthalmologist and the Diseases He Treats - Alodokter

Diseases Treated by Ophthalmologists Pediatric Ophthalmology

There are various eye diseases treated by ophthalmologists, pediatric ophthalmologists, including:

1. Clogged tear duct

Clogging of the tear ducts is usually experienced by newborns because the tear ducts are not fully developed. At least, 1 in 20 babies experience this complaint. Babies who suffer from blocked tear ducts usually experience watery eyes, especially when they wake up from sleep.

This condition is actually nothing to worry about because it will generally heal on its own. However, if your baby's eyes are red, swollen, or have discharge or greenish discharge from the eyes, take him to a pediatric ophthalmologist right away.

2. Cataract

Although it is common in the elderly, children can also develop cataracts. Cataracts in children can be present at birth (congenital cataracts) or develop in childhood due to other diseases, such as diabetes or galactosemia.

This condition is characterized by the black part of the eye that looks gray or whitish. In addition, the baby will also not respond to visual stimuli (vision) around him.

3. Amblyopia or lazy eye

Amblyopia or lazy eye is a visual disorder that occurs because the brain and eyes are not connected properly, resulting in decreased vision. This condition occurs in one eye only and usually appears at the age of 0-7 years.

Lazy eye is characterized by various symptoms, including:

  • Movement of one eye out of sync with the other eye.
  • One eye often moves outward or inward (squint).
  • Children are often seen squinting their eyes.
  • Children often hit objects. The object that is hit is usually on the side of the eye that is affected.
  • Children often tilt their eyes when they are looking at something.
  • Children have difficulty estimating distance.
  • Children complain of double vision.

4. Cross eyes

Crossed eyes or strabismus is a visual disturbance that occurs when the eyes are not aligned and look in different directions. This condition is generally caused by impaired eye muscle coordination and usually occurs in children aged 1-4 years.

5. Eye injury

Children are prone to eye injuries, especially if they are active in basketball, baseball, soccer and tennis. Eye injuries caused by hitting a blunt object, such as a basketball or tennis ball, can cause a variety of complaints.

If you have a minor injury, your child's eyelids may be bruised or swollen, while a severe injury can cause bleeding inside the eye and fractures of the bones around the eye muscles, so he needs immediate medical attention.

When does a child need to be taken to a pediatric ophthalmologist?

You are advised to have your child checked by an ophthalmologist, a pediatric ophthalmologist, if there is a family member who has a history of congenital eye disorders. Apart from heredity, it is recommended that you take your child to an ophthalmologist who is a pediatric ophthalmologist if he experiences the following complaints:

  • His eyes are constantly watering
  • I rub my eyes often even though I'm not sleepy
  • Sensitive to light
  • Red eyes that won't go away
  • The eyes look crossed
  • Eyes look slanted
  • Often tilt your eyes when you see something
  • The eyes or eyelids look bulging
  • The black part of the eye looks gray or whitish

What to Prepare Before Meeting an Ophthalmologist Pediatric Ophthalmologist?

Before meeting with a pediatric ophthalmologist ophthalmologist, you are advised to prepare information about:

  • Symptoms and complaints experienced by children in detail and complete
  • History of eye injury, wearing glasses, or eye surgery in a child
  • History of illness suffered by the child and family history of illness that may be passed on to the child.
  • Results of previous medical examinations, such as eye screening and also medicines or supplements that the child is currently taking.

Eye he alth affects children's physical, emotional and social development. So, it is important to make sure that your child can see clearly. For this reason, check your child's eye he alth regularly to an ophthalmologist, a pediatric ophthalmologist.

Children's eye examinations can be done in the first days of birth to determine whether there are congenital abnormalities in the eyes. Furthermore, it is recommended that you have your child's eyes checked at the age of 1–2 months, 1 year, and 4 years.

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