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Eye injuries can happen at any time and can be caused by a variety of things. Damage to the eye caused by an eye injury depends on the cause of the injury. Let's identify the causes and ways to treat eye injuries so that you know what steps to take when they occur
Eye injuries can cause a variety of symptoms, ranging from red eyes, sore or sore eyes, blurred vision, to bleeding in the eyes. In the short and long term, untreated eye injuries can cause permanent visual impairment.
Causes of Eye Injury
There are various causes of eye injuries. Here are some of them:
1. Foreign object in eye
This is the most common cause of eye injuries. Foreign objects such as sand, dust, sawdust, metal chips, to glass splinters can enter or get stuck in the eye accidentally. Complaints that are felt can be in the form of a feeling that something is stuck or painful in the eye, watery, red, and sensitive eyes to light.
Foreign bodies can affect the white part of the eye (sclera) or the black part of the eye (cornea). If a foreign object is exposed to the cornea and causes damage (corneal ulcer), the impact on vision becomes greater, because this is the passageway for light.
2. Eyes hit something
Impact with a blunt object, such as a fast-moving basketball or baseball hitting the eye, can cause eye injury. Likewise with a hard hit that accidentally or intentionally hits your eye.
Eye injuries caused by impact can cause various kinds of complaints. In minor injuries, the eyelids may swell or bruise. Meanwhile, in severe injuries, bleeding inside the eye and bone fractures around the eye can occur, requiring serious treatment from a doctor.
3. Chemical exposure
Exposure to chemicals can cause eye injury. However, the degree of damage caused may vary depending on the type of chemical, how long the chemical is in the eye, and how deep the chemical has entered the eye.
In the case of exposure to chemical vapors, for example, the eye injury caused may only be eye irritation. However, if the eye is directly exposed to a harsh chemical, such as an alkaline solution such as drain cleaner or bleach, the damage can be severe and deep, leading to blindness.
4. Radiation exposure
Exposure to ultraviolet light from sunlight or other radiation, for example from radiotherapy, can not only burn the skin, but can also damage the eyes.Eye injuries caused by radiation can cause red eyes, a feeling like something is stuck in the eye, watering, and sensitivity to light.
Even if the complaints are mild, you can't ignore them. In the long term, this eye injury causes cataracts or macular degeneration, which is damage to the part of the eye called the retina.
How to Overcome Eye Injury
Treatment of eye injuries depends on the cause. However, there are steps you can take when you have an eye injury:
1. Don't rub your eyes with your hands
The first thing you should do when you have an eye injury is not to rub your eyes with your hands. This can cause foreign objects to further damage the eye. In addition, bacteria can enter the eye and cause an infection in the eye or endophthalmitis.
2. Washing eyes with water
If you get a foreign object in your eye such as dust and sand, blink repeatedly until you don't feel something is stuck in your eye. If this doesn't work, rinse your eyes with running water.
In eye injuries caused by chemicals, washing the eyes under running water is also the first aid that can be done. But after that, you are advised to go to the eye doctor as soon as possible.
3. Compressing the eyes
In case of eye injury due to impact or blow that causes swelling and pain, you can take painkillers and compress the injured eye with a cold compress.
4. Check with the doctor
If the above steps have been taken but the eye injury does not improve, visit an eye doctor immediately. Some conditions that require immediate treatment include:
- Chemical eye contact
- eyes are bruised
- Sight decreased
- Double vision
- severe eye pain
- tearing eyelid
- Pain around the eyes and eyebrows
To avoid eye injury, it is recommended that you wear sunglasses when you are outside during the day. You should also wear eye protection if you are doing work where there is a high risk of exposing your eyes to chemicals, metal, wood or glass chips.
If you have an eye injury, immediately go to the nearest ophthalmologist. The sooner you get treatment, the lower the risk of permanent eye damage.