Osteochondroma, Benign Tumors That Often Affect Children

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Osteochondroma, Benign Tumors That Often Affect Children
Osteochondroma, Benign Tumors That Often Affect Children

Osteochondroma is a type of benign tumor that grows on the surface of the bone and generally occurs in children and adolescents. Usually, osteochondromas develop at the ends of long bones, such as the lower end of the femur and the upper end of the arm bone

Until now, the cause of osteochondroma is not known with certainty, so its prevention is still unknown. However, the development of osteochondroma is associated with an abnormality in a gene.

Osteochondroma, a Benign Tumor That Often Affects Children - Alodokter

Osteochondroma can develop as a single tumor (osteocartilaginous exostosis) or multiple tumors (multiple osteochondromatosis). Although it cannot metastasize like cancer, osteochondroma can grow in size as the child grows.

Osteochondroma Symptoms

Sometimes osteochondroma does not cause any symptoms, but there are also some symptoms of osteochondroma in children that may appear. Here are some of them:

  • A painless lump near a joint, for example on the knee or shoulder
  • Pain in joints during activity
  • Numbering
  • Tingling
  • Height is shorter than his peers
  • One leg or arm is longer

Osteochondroma Treatment

Before treatment, doctors need to confirm the diagnosis of osteochondroma first. In diagnosing osteochondroma, the doctor will ask for complaints, symptoms that appear, as well as the child's medical history and perform a physical examination.

In addition, there are also several tests that may be performed, such as X-rays, CT scans, or MRIs, to determine the size and location of the tumor. A biopsy may also be performed to determine whether the tumor is malignant or benign.

Furthermore, treatment will depend on the size, location and potential of the tumor to cause problems or not. If considered harmless, for example without the potential to cause fractures, osteochondromas generally do not require any treatment.

Doctors may only recommend periodic imaging tests to see changes in the tumor over time. In addition, the doctor may also prescribe medication if the osteochondroma causes pain.

If the tumor is considered dangerous or has the potential to cause serious problems, such as severe pain, pressure on the nerves and blood vessels, and changes in the shape of the bone, the doctor may suggest surgery to remove the osteochondroma and repair the bone.

Although the chances are very small, osteochondroma can develop into a malignant tumor. Therefore, if your child feels the symptoms of osteochondroma as above, you should immediately consult a doctor. After that, the child needs to be checked regularly even though the symptoms experienced are relatively mild.

Before consulting a doctor, write down all the complaints experienced by the child. Tell also about the history of pregnancy and childbirth, the status of growth and development, and the drugs consumed by the child. That way, it will be easier for doctors to diagnose diseases suffered by children.

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