Types of Drugs that are Often Abused and Their Effects on He alth

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Types of Drugs that are Often Abused and Their Effects on He alth
Types of Drugs that are Often Abused and Their Effects on He alth

Types of drugs have different effects on the physical and mental he alth of users. Get to know the various types of drugs circulating in Indonesia and their negative impact if they are misused

Narcotics and dangerous drugs (drugs) are illegal drugs that can cause adverse effects on the he alth of the body and mental condition of the user, and cause strong addiction.

Types of Drugs that are Often Abused and Their Effects on He alth - Alodokter

Some drugs have benefits if used for medical purposes with the right dose and under the supervision of a doctor. However, if misused, these types of drugs can actually endanger lives.

Types of Drugs and Their Effects on He alth

The following are the types of drugs that are most commonly abused in Indonesia and their impact on he alth:

1. Cocaine

Cocaine or coke is a highly addictive drug and can affect the central nervous system. This drug made from coca plant leaf extract is in the form of a fine white powder or crystal and can be used by injection, snorting, or inhalation.

Although it can be used in some medical procedures, cocaine, which is often abused for recreational purposes, can trigger the brain to release dopamine and create a momentary feeling of joy.

Because the effects felt are temporary, a person must use cocaine repeatedly to maintain the happy sensation they get. This of course can increase the risk of several he alth problems, such as:

  • Anxiety or depression
  • Arrhythmia
  • Increased heart rate, blood pressure and body temperature
  • stomach pain
  • Nausea
  • Loss of appetite and malnutrition
  • Loss of smell (anosmia), especially when using cocaine through the nose
  • HIV and hepatitis C

The side effects of cocaine abuse, such as heart attacks, seizures, strokes, even stopping breathing, can occur at any time. In fact, death from overdose can occur with the first use of cocaine, especially if it is used in combination with alcohol.

Cocaine is also known to trigger violent and unpredictable behavior that can increase the risk of breaking the law.

2. Marijuana

Cannabis refers to the dried leaves, flowers, stems and seeds of the Cannabis sativa plant. This type of drug known as "cimeng" is usually used by smoking it like a cigarette, mixed into food, or brewed as tea.

Cannabis contains psychoactive chemicals that act on the brain and cause changes in bodily sensations, feelings, movements, thoughts and memories. This change makes users feel happy for a moment or often called “high”.

This psychoactive ingredient can also cause addictive effects and be harmful to overall he alth. The following are some of the harmful effects of marijuana abuse:

  • Cognitive impairment (thinking power)
  • Respiratory disorders
  • Heart rate increase
  • Increased risk of heart attack
  • Depression and paranoia

In some countries, marijuana with certain doses and ingredients can be used as adjunct therapy for several diseases, such as multiple sclerosis (MS), Alzheimer's disease, and Crohn's disease. However, in Indonesia, marijuana is illegal because the risks of abuse are considered far greater than the benefits.

3. Ecstasy

Ecstasy is a synthetic amphetamine-derived drug known for its hallucinatory and stimulant effects. This type of drug has a high risk of being abused and can lead to dependence.

Ecstasy is known to improve mood, energy, appetite and sexual arousal. However, when the effect ends, symptoms, such as confusion, depression, anxiety, and sleep disturbances will appear that make the user need additional doses.

In addition, the use of ecstasy can also cause he alth problems, such as:

  • Heart rate and blood pressure increase
  • Strength muscles
  • Nausea
  • Blurred vision
  • Dizzy
  • Sweating or cold

Excessive doses of ecstasy can increase the risk of serious he alth problems, such as hyperthermia, disorders of the heart and blood vessels, mental disorders, dangerous impulsive behavior, and overdose.

4. Heroin

Heroin or putaw is a type of addictive drug from the opium poppy flower that grows in Asia, Mexico and South America. Several drugs belonging to the heroin class can be used medicinally as pain relievers. In fact, the pain-relieving properties of heroin are about 2-3 times stronger than morphine.

However, if abused, heroin can make the user so addicted that it is difficult to stop and cause dangerous side effects.

This type of drug comes in the form of a white or brown powder that can be used by injection, inhalation, or inhalation. The immediate effect of heroin abuse is a feeling of pleasure and calm.

However, after this initial effect, users can't think clearly and feel sleepy and awake back and forth. In addition, heroin users can also experience other side effects, such as:

  • Difficulty breathing
  • Flushing or reddened skin accompanied by a warm sensation
  • Dry mouth
  • Nausea
  • Pupil constricts

Overdose of heroin can cause the user to experience hypotension, blue lips and nails, muscle stiffness, seizures, respiratory arrest, and even death.

5. Methamphetamine

Methamphetamine or shabu-shabu is a type of stimulant drug that acts on the central nervous system and is highly addictive. Methamphetamine is available in the form of a white crystalline powder, odorless, and has a bitter taste.

Usually, methamphetamine is used by swallowing, smoking, or injection. Misuse of this type of drug can cause various side effects, including:

  • Appetite goes down
  • Breath faster
  • Fast or irregular heartbeat
  • Increased blood pressure and body temperature
  • Itchy skin and sores
  • Dry mouth
  • Broken or stained teeth

Just like the effects of drugs in general, shabu-shabu abuse can also increase the risk of getting HIV/AIDS. In addition, psychological effects, such as paranoia, anxiety, confusion, difficulty sleeping, and violent behavior are also commonly experienced by shabu-shabu users.

Besides the types of drugs mentioned above, there are other drugs that are commonly abused in Indonesia, such as morphine, mushroom, flakka, and LSD.

Avoid drug use for any reason, including as an escape from life's problems. Drugs may calm you down for a while, but once these effects wear off, they are destructive and disruptive to many aspects of your life.

If you are already addicted and you find it difficult to stop, remember that it is never too late to seek treatment. So, don't hesitate to ask a doctor for help and go through drug rehabilitation.

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