Knowing the Role of Cardiologists Pediatricians

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Knowing the Role of Cardiologists Pediatricians
Knowing the Role of Cardiologists Pediatricians

Pediatric cardiologist is a pediatrician who has special expertise in conducting examinations and treatment related to heart disorders in children

To become a pediatric cardiologist, a general practitioner must continue his education in the field of pediatrics in order to obtain the title of pediatrician (Sp.A). After that, he continued his education in the cardiology subspeci alty field to earn his Sp.A(K) degree.

Knowing the Role of a Cardiologist Pediatrician - Alodokter

Diseases Treated by Pediatric Cardiologists

In general, pediatric cardiologists play a role in diagnosing and treating various heart he alth problems in infants, children, and adolescents, ranging from congenital heart disease, heart rhythm disorders (arrhythmias), to heart function disorders.

The following are some conditions of heart problems in children that can be treated by pediatric cardiologists:

Congenital heart disease

He alth problems related to congenital heart disease include:

  • Patent foramen ovale (PFO)
  • Atrial septal defect
  • Coarctation of the aorta
  • Mitral valve disorders
  • Patent ductus arteriosus
  • Tetralogy of Fallot
  • Transposition of the great arteries
  • ventricular septal defect

Heart rhythm disorders (arrhythmia)

He alth problems related to heart rhythm disorders include:

  • Atrial fibrillation
  • Atrial flutter
  • Long QT syndrome
  • Wolf-Parkinson-White Syndrome

Heart function disorders

He alth problems related to impaired heart function include:

  • Dilated cardiomyopathy
  • Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
  • Myocarditis

In addition to the various diseases above, pediatric cardiologists also treat heart disorders associated with other diseases, such as rheumatic heart disease, and heart disease that occurs with Down syndrome, Marfan syndrome, Eisenmenger syndrome, or Kawasaki disease.

Actions Performed by Pediatric Cardiologists

The following are some of the procedures performed by pediatric cardiologists:

  • Performing a physical examination and tracing medical history related to heart problems
  • Performing supporting examinations, such as cardiac ultrasound, MRI, CT scan, or EKG
  • Perform cardiac catheterization procedures, such as angioplasty and valvuplasty
  • Planning surgery related to heart problems in children
  • Providing special therapy, especially for children with cardiomyopathy, heart failure, and heart transplants
  • Providing information regarding the prevention of heart disease in children

When to See a Cardiologist Pediatrician?

You are advised to take your child to a cardiologist if he experiences:

  • Difficulty eating marked by failure to thrive
  • Difficulty breathing and chest pain
  • abnormal heart sound
  • Fast heartbeat (tachycardia)
  • Slow heart rate (bradycardia)
  • Often dizzy and faint, especially when doing activities
  • Frequent infections, such as coughs and colds, at the age of less than 2 years
  • Swelling in the leg area

As a parent, there are several things you need to prepare before bringing your child to a pediatric cardiologist, including:

  • Complaints and symptoms experienced by children
  • History of the child's previous illness
  • History of illness in the family
  • History of he alth during pregnancy and history of child birth
  • Child immunization history
  • List of drugs or supplements that the child is taking
  • Record of changes in child's height and weight

Heart failure in children is a serious condition and needs medical attention. Therefore, if your child has various complaints related to heart problems, immediately visit a pediatric cardiologist to get the right treatment.

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