Understanding Traumatic Cataracts and Treatments

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Understanding Traumatic Cataracts and Treatments
Understanding Traumatic Cataracts and Treatments
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Traumatic cataract is a condition when the lens of the eye becomes cloudy due to injury or injury to the eye. This condition can occur within a short time or even years after the eye is injured. If not treated immediately, traumatic cataracts can cause visual disturbances

The lens of the eye is used to focus vision. This part of the eye is made up of water and protein and is normally clear. However, as we age, the protein structure in the lens of the eye can change and make the lens of the eye gradually become cloudier.This is what triggers cataracts.

Understanding Traumatic Cataracts and Treatment - Alodokter

In addition to aging, cataracts can also be caused by other things, such as birth defects (congenital cataracts) and impact, injury, or injury to the eye. Cataracts that occur as a result of injury or injury are known as traumatic cataracts.

Causes and Symptoms of Traumatic Cataract

Traumatic cataracts are caused by impact or injury from blunt or sharp objects to the eye. In addition, this condition can also be caused by eye damage due to infrared rays, electric shock, exposure to harsh chemicals, to radiation.

When the injury is severe enough, the lens of the eye can shift or tear, causing traumatic cataracts. Injury or injury to the eye can also cause the lens of the eye to become inflamed, so that the lens becomes cloudy.

The symptoms of traumatic cataracts are generally not much different from the symptoms of cataracts in general. The following are some of the symptoms of traumatic cataracts that sufferers can experience:

  • Blurred vision
  • Difficult to see at night
  • Double vision
  • Easy to feel dazzled or sensitive to light
  • Looks like a circle when looking at the light
  • Colors look faded or not bright

Tramatic Cataract Treatment Steps

Until now, eye surgery and eye lens replacement are still the main steps in the treatment of traumatic cataracts. Surgery can be performed if a traumatic cataract occurs as a result of a severe eye injury or someone who has certain conditions, such as:

  • Severe vision impairment or even blindness
  • Inflammation of the lens of the eye
  • Glaucoma
  • Rupture of the eyepiece capsule
  • Retinal detachment

There are several things that an ophthalmologist considers before recommending surgery, including:

Severity of traumatic cataract

The doctor will determine whether the traumatic cataract is mild, severe, or has caused blindness. This step is also carried out to determine other treatments, such as the use of drugs and surgical methods to be used.

The overall condition of the patient

Patients with traumatic cataracts who have diabetes and high blood pressure are more at risk of complications before and after surgery. Therefore, it is necessary to regularly check for he alth conditions to control blood sugar levels and blood pressure.

Anesthesia Methods for Traumatic Cataract Surgery

Cataract surgery can be performed under general or local anesthesia. The method of anesthesia or anesthetic that will be used depends on the severity of the traumatic cataract, the patient's he alth condition, and the type of eye surgery the doctor will perform.

Cataract surgery is done by removing the cloudy eye lens, then replacing it with an artificial lens. These artificial eye lenses are made of safe plastic, acrylic, or silicone.

At least a week before the operation, the ophthalmologist will conduct a thorough eye examination and the patient's he alth condition. This is to ensure whether the patient can safely undergo cataract surgery, as well as to determine the type of lens to be used as a replacement lens.

Cataract surgery is a relatively safe procedure and the process is fast, so people with traumatic cataracts can see clearly as before.

In certain cases, the doctor will also advise the sufferer to use glasses or contact lenses to improve visual acuity.

To prevent traumatic cataracts, it is recommended that you wear protective eyewear when doing activities with a risk of injury to your eyes, such as extreme sports, laboratory experiments, or welding iron.

If you have an eye injury or injury that causes visual disturbances, you should immediately consult an ophthalmologist to determine whether you are at risk for traumatic cataracts and receive appropriate treatment.

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