Knowing More about the Role of Pediatric Respirologists

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Knowing More about the Role of Pediatric Respirologists
Knowing More about the Role of Pediatric Respirologists

Pediatric respirologist is a pediatrician who specializes in treating respiratory disorders and lung diseases in children. To determine the right treatment, this subspecialist doctor also has the competence to make a diagnosis based on the complaints experienced by the child

Respiratory disorders in children is a condition that needs to be watched out for. Not only makes the child uncomfortable, problems with the respiratory system can also interfere with the child's growth and development.

Getting to Know More about the Role of Pediatric Respirologists - Alodokter

Besides that, respiratory problems can also be a symptom of a serious illness that your child may be suffering from and needs to be treated immediately. In this case, pediatric respirologists play an important role in finding out the cause and providing appropriate treatment for the child's respiratory complaints.

Various Diseases That Can Be Treated by Pediatric Respirologists

The following are some conditions or diseases that can be treated by pediatric respirologists:

  • Asthma in children
  • Infections in the respiratory tract of children, such as pneumonia, lung abscess, COVID-19, and bronchitis
  • Tuberculosis (TB) in children
  • Allergies in the respiratory tract of children, such as hypersensitivity pneumonitis
  • Clogging of the child's airway, for example due to choking or obstruction of a foreign object
  • Bronchiectasis
  • Swelling or pulmonary edema
  • Clogging of blood flow in the lungs or pulmonary embolism
  • Congenital birth defects or congenital abnormalities that occur in infants and children, such as bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) and lung malformations
  • cystic fibrosis
  • Breathing failure, for example due to asphyxia or ARDS
  • Sleep apnea or breathing problems during sleep in children
  • Pneumothorax
  • Disorders of blood acid-base balance, such as acidosis and respiratory alkalosis
  • Tumor or lung cancer in children

Various Actions Respirologist Pediatrician Can Do

In determining the diagnosis of disease in children, a pediatric respirologist will perform a physical examination and various supporting examinations which include:

  • Blood and urine test
  • Blood gas analysis
  • Sputum examination, such as sputum culture and PCR test
  • Bronchoscopy
  • Lung function test or spirometry
  • Imaging or radiology tests, such as X-rays, CT scans, MRIs, and PET scans
  • Lung biopsy

After the diagnosis of the disease in the child is known, the pediatric respiratory specialist will carry out treatment, such as:

1. Administration of drugs

Pediatric respirologists can prescribe medicines to treat respiratory problems and disorders that occur in the lungs or respiratory tract of children.

For example, a pediatric respirator may prescribe bronchodilator medications and corticosteroids to treat asthma, as well as antibiotics and antivirals to treat infections.

2. Oxygen therapy

Infants or children who have respiratory problems will often experience a lack of oxygen. Therefore, pediatric respirologists can provide oxygen therapy to meet the child's oxygen needs.

Giving oxygen to children can be done through oxygen hoses, oxygen masks, to installing a ventilator for children who have respiratory failure.

3. Operation

In certain cases, for example in cases of tumors or lung cancer, lung abscess, pneumothorax, or congenital defects in the child's lungs, a pediatric respirologist may perform surgery to treat lung or respiratory disorders in children.. This procedure is usually performed with the help of a pediatric surgeon.

4. Physiotherapy

Pediatric respirologists will also often advise patients to undergo physiotherapy to improve lung function and breathing ability. Some conditions that can be treated with respiratory physiotherapy are asthma, cystic fibrosis, and sleep apnea.

When to Check Your Child to a Pediatric Respirologist?

Infants and children with respiratory problems will usually be referred by a general practitioner or pediatrician to a pediatric respirologist.

However, apart from going through a referral, you can also take your child to consult a pediatric respirator when he experiences the following symptoms:

  • Cough that won't go away
  • Coughing up blood
  • chest pain
  • Shortness of breath
  • Skin looks pale and bluish
  • Easy to get tired
  • Breath sounds, for example wheezing

Things to Prepare Before Meeting a Pediatric Respirologist

Before meeting a pediatric respirologist, you are advised to prepare the following things to make it easier for the doctor to determine the right treatment:

  • Make a record of the history of complaints and symptoms suffered by the child, for example, when did the child experience these symptoms and what factors trigger or aggravate the condition
  • Prepare other information, such as the child's medical history, the child's he alth condition while in the womb, history of allergies, to medications that have been taken
  • Bring the results of previous examinations, such as blood tests, X-rays, and CT scans
  • Make sure the hospital you are aiming for has collaborated with BPJS or the insurance company, if you want to take advantage of BPJS or insurance

The thing you need to remember, don't delay taking your little one to a pediatric respirologist if he has complaints as mentioned above. The sooner your child's condition is treated, the lower the chances of experiencing dangerous complications.

If you are still confused about choosing a pediatric respirologist, you can ask a general practitioner or pediatrician for a referral or recommendation.

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