Recognizing the Triggers of Cortical Cataracts and How to Prevent This Disease

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Recognizing the Triggers of Cortical Cataracts and How to Prevent This Disease
Recognizing the Triggers of Cortical Cataracts and How to Prevent This Disease
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Cortical cataract is an eye disease characterized by cloudiness of the lens in the cortex, which is the edge of the lens. This type of cataract often occurs in the elderly. Even so, some cases of cortical cataracts can also occur at a young age even in infants and children

Cortical cataract is initially characterized by the presence of a grayish-white opacity on the outer edge of the lens which is shaped like the spokes of a wheel. Over time, this cloudiness will spread towards the center, eventually blocking the path of light and causing visual disturbances.

Recognize the Triggers of Cortical Cataracts and How to Prevent This Disease - Alodokter

Cortical Cataract Trigger

Cortical cataract triggers are more or less the same as cataracts in general. However, there are several factors that can increase the risk of developing cortical cataracts. These factors include:

  • Over 60 years old
  • Women
  • Diabetes, especially those that have lasted a long time and are not well controlled
  • Smoking
  • Vitamin B deficiency
  • History of undergoing glaucoma surgery

In infants, the incidence of cortical cataracts usually occurs due to inherited genetic disorders.

Cortical Cataract Symptoms

The main symptom that people with cortical cataracts usually experience is sensitivity to light or glare. Sufferers may find it difficult to drive at night. In addition, some of the symptoms of cortical cataracts that can appear are:

  • Faint and blurry vision
  • Double vision in one eye
  • Vision to color fades
  • Seeing halos around the light source
  • Change prescription glasses often
  • Need a brighter light when reading or doing other activities

How to Prevent Cortical Cataract

The following are some steps you can take to prevent cortical cataracts:

1. Manage diabetes well

If you have diabetes, you are encouraged to have regular checkups and live a he althy lifestyle at all times. This is so that diabetes is well controlled and the risk of cataract complications decreases.

2. Avoid smoking and consuming alcoholic beverages

As mentioned above, smoking can increase the risk of developing cortical cataracts. Therefore, try to start quitting smoking. In addition, limit the consumption of alcoholic beverages to maintain eye he alth.

3. Consumption of he althy and balanced food

Eating fruits and vegetables that are rich in minerals and B vitamins, especially vitamin B2 and folic acid, can help protect you from cortical cataracts. Not only that, you can also eat fish, eggs, nuts, and milk which can also help maintain eye he alth.

4. Get regular eye exams

Regular eye exams can help detect various eye problems early, including cortical cataracts. How often eye examinations and consultations are performed generally depends on age. However, if your risk is high, have a checkup at least every 1-3 years.

5. Wear sunglasses

If you often do outdoor activities, it is recommended to often wear sunglasses. It aims to block ultraviolet B (UVB) rays that can contribute to the development of cortical cataracts.

Cortical cataracts should not be underestimated because the symptoms can interfere with daily activities, and can even be life threatening, for example when driving at night. Therefore, if you experience signs and symptoms of cortical cataract, immediately consult an ophthalmologist for safe and appropriate treatment.

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