Knowing the Causes of Vulvovaginitis and its Symptoms and Treatment

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Knowing the Causes of Vulvovaginitis and its Symptoms and Treatment
Knowing the Causes of Vulvovaginitis and its Symptoms and Treatment

Vulvovaginitis is inflammation of the female sex organs. This condition can be caused by various things and the treatment must be adjusted according to the cause. Vulvovaganitis is not a serious condition, but it can often be uncomfortable and annoying

Vulvovaginitis is a condition that is quite often experienced by women of all ages, from teenagers, adult women, to women who have entered menopause. This condition often causes itching and burning in the vagina and the lips of the vagina (vulva).

Know the Causes of Vulvovaginitis and its Symptoms and Treatment - Alodokter

In addition, vulvovaganitis can also cause vaginal discharge with an unpleasant odor, a burning or stinging sensation in the vagina, as well as swelling and redness of the vagina, vulva, and perineum (the area between the vagina and anus).

Recognizing Some of the Factors That Cause Vulvovaginitis

There are many things that can cause inflammation or irritation of the vulva and vagina, including:

1. Bacterial Vaginosis

Bacterial vaginosis is one of the most common causes of vulvovaginitis. This condition occurs due to the growth of bad bacteria in the vagina which can cause infection.

Vulvovaginitis due to this bacterial infection can cause vaginal itching and burning, pain when urinating and having sex, and vaginal discharge that is gray and smells fishy.

2. Vaginal yeast infection

Vulvovaginitis can also be caused by a fungal infection, namely the fungus Candida albicans. This vaginal yeast infection is generally characterized by lumpy vaginal discharge with a cheese-like texture, as well as vaginal discharge and vaginal lips that feel itchy or sore.

3. Virus infection

Vulvovaginitis due to viral infection is usually transmitted through sexual contact. Some examples of viral infectious diseases that can cause vulvovaginitis are genital herpes and HPV.

In women, herpes can cause vulvovaginitis, which is characterized by sores and blisters filled with clear fluid and pain and swelling in the genital area. Meanwhile, infection with the HPV virus that attacks the female area can cause genital warts to grow.

4. Sexually transmitted diseases

One of the sexually transmitted diseases that can cause vulvovaganitis is trichomoniasis. This disease is generally characterized by a greenish-yellow vaginal discharge with a fishy odor, as well as itching and burning in the vaginal area.

In addition to trichomoniasis, chlamydia and gonorrhea can also trigger inflammation of the female sex organs and cause symptoms of vaginal discharge with a sharp smell and pain and burning sensation during sex or urination.

5. Parasite infection

Some examples of parasitic infections that cause inflammation of the vagina and vulva are pinworm infections, scabies, and pubic lice. Symptoms of vulvovaganitis caused by this parasitic infection are generally itching and irritation around the genitals.

6. Allergic reaction

Irritation and inflammation of the vagina and vulva can also occur due to exposure to chemicals such as parabens, sodium sulfate, triclosan, and dioxane. These chemicals are usually found in bath soaps, detergents, feminine soaps, powders, perfumes, and condoms.

Irritation or allergic reactions to these objects can make the vulva and vagina feel itchy, swollen, and red.

In addition to the above medical conditions, vulvovaginitis can also occur in postmenopausal women and women after childbirth. This is caused by decreased levels of the hormone estrogen in this phase.

Vulvovaginitis can also occur due to the influence of other factors, such as:

  • Cleaning intimate organs in an improper way or maintaining vaginal hygiene during menstruation
  • Wearing underwear that is not cotton and too tight
  • Using pads or tampons for too long during menstruation
  • Leaving the genital area in a damp and wet state, for example not changing clothes immediately after swimming
  • Retaining urination too often

Some Steps for Vulvovaginitis Treatment and Prevention

Because it can be caused by many things, it is recommended that you see a doctor so that the cause can be identified and treated appropriately.To determine the cause of vulvovaganitis, the doctor may perform a physical examination and supporting examinations, such as blood and urine tests and vaginal fluid analysis.

Once the cause is known, the doctor can provide appropriate treatment. For example, to treat vulvovaginitis due to a bacterial infection, the doctor can give antibiotics, while vulvovaginitis due to a yeast infection can be treated with antifungal drugs.

In addition, in severe cases of vulvovaginitis, the doctor may prescribe corticosteroid medications to reduce inflammation and irritation of the vulva and vagina. Doctors can also prescribe antihistamines to treat vaginal and vulvar itching.

To prevent vulvovaginitis from coming back, you can take the following preventive measures:

  • Stop using products that can cause irritation, such as feminine hygiene soap that contains perfume
  • Clean the feminine area with warm water and dry it immediately so it doesn't get damp
  • Cleaning intimate organs in the right way, namely from the vagina to the anus
  • Using loose, cotton underwear
  • Avoid scratching the itchy part because it can aggravate irritation and trigger infection
  • Impact safe and he althy sex, by using condoms and not changing sexual partners

Vulvovaginitis can generally be cured after being treated by a doctor. However, if it does not go away or if it recurs frequently, you should consult a doctor for further examination.

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