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Vomiting is a common condition experienced by everyone. However, if what comes out is yellow vomit, this will certainly make you feel anxious and worried. Is this condition normal or dangerous? Let's find out the answer in the following article
Vomiting is a condition when the body expels stomach contents forcibly through the mouth. Before vomiting, you will usually experience nausea which makes the body uncomfortable.
In some cases, the vomit contents may be yellow or greenish-yellow. This yellow vomiting occurs when bile comes out with vomit.
Causes of Yellow Vomiting
There are several conditions or diseases that can cause a person to vomit yellow, including:
1. Bile reflux (bile reflux)
Bile is a yellow-green liquid that is produced in the liver and stored in the gallbladder. Under normal circumstances, bile is secreted into the intestines to help the digestive process.
However, bile can sometimes re-enter the stomach and esophagus (esophagus), then be vomited along with the stomach contents. This usually happens when someone is late for a meal for a long time.
2. Gastrointestinal obstruction
Gastrointestinal obstruction is another cause of yellow vomiting in adults and children. This condition can occur when the small intestine or large intestine becomes blocked, causing a buildup of fluid and food in the intestine.
As a result, the pressure in the digestive tract will increase and trigger liquid or food that has accumulated back up into the esophagus, causing vomiting.
3. Operation history
History of stomach and bile duct surgery can also increase the risk of yellow vomit. The occurrence of yellow vomiting can be caused by inflammation of the stomach wall and bile ducts after surgery.
Morning sickness is a symptom of nausea and vomiting that occurs in early pregnancy. When the frequency of vomiting experienced by pregnant women becomes more frequent, the contents of the stomach decrease so that what is excreted is vomit containing bile. This is what causes yellow vomit.
Inflammation of the appendix can cause symptoms in the form of yellow vomiting accompanied by severe abdominal pain. This is a dangerous condition that must be treated immediately by a doctor.
6. cyclic vomiting syndrome
Cyclic vomiting syndrome (CVS) is a disorder that makes sufferers feel nauseous and vomit suddenly. The vomiting experienced by people with CVS can be severe enough to make it difficult to eat and drink. When this happens, people with CVS may experience yellow vomiting.
Until now, the cause of recurrent vomiting syndrome is still unknown. This condition is also more common in children, but adults can also experience it.
Although the cause is unknown, symptoms of recurrent vomiting syndrome can sometimes recur due to several factors, such as allergies, colds, anxiety disorders, sinus inflammation, fatigue, and hot weather.
In addition to the above conditions, yellow vomiting can also be caused by several other causes, such as food poisoning, gastroenteritis, excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages, acid reflux disease, and stomach ulcers.
Yellow Vomiting Complaint Handling
To find out the cause of yellow vomiting, the doctor will perform a physical examination and supporting examinations, such as X-rays, endoscopy, blood and urine tests, ERCP, and gastric acid examination.
After the results of the examination are obtained and the cause of yellow vomiting is known, the doctor will provide treatment according to the cause. The types of handling that are generally carried out are:
If the yellow vomiting experienced is severe enough or too much to cause the sufferer to become dehydrated, the doctor will give intravenous fluids. In addition, the doctor will also recommend the patient to undergo treatment at the hospital so that his condition can always be monitored.
To stop severe vomiting, your doctor may prescribe anti-emetics, such as ondansetron. If the jaundice is caused by a problem with the gallbladder, such as bile reflux, your doctor can treat the condition using medications, such as ursodeoxycholic acid and bile acid sequestrants.
The doctor may also prescribe medicines that lower stomach acid, such as proton pump inhibitors (PPIs), if the yellow vomiting is accompanied by acid reflux disease.
If these drugs are not able to treat complaints of yellow vomiting due to bile reflux, the doctor may recommend surgery. This operation aims to correct disorders of the bile or gastrointestinal tract and overcome blockages in the intestines that are the cause of yellow vomiting.
Whatever the possible cause, yellow vomiting is a condition that you need to be aware of. Especially if this complaint is accompanied by pain in the chest or heartburn, vomiting for more than 2 days, shortness of breath, weakness, decreased appetite, fever, stiff neck, and blood spots appear on the vomit contents.
If you experience any of the above symptoms, please consult a doctor immediately. This is important so that you can immediately get treatment according to the cause of the yellow vomiting you are experiencing.