Table of contents:
- Various Conditions Orthopedic Oncologists Can Treat
- Actions Treated by Orthopedic Oncologists
- The Right Time to Check with an Orthopedic Oncologist
- Preparation Before Consulting an Orthopedic Oncologist
Orthopedic oncologists are doctors who specifically have the ability to diagnose and treat tumors and cancers in the bones, muscles, joints, and connective tissues of the body. Come on, get to know more about the role of orthopedic oncologists in the following article
Orthopedics is a field of medical science that studies how to diagnose, treat, and prevent diseases or disorders of bones, joints, and structures related to body movement, including muscles, tendons, and nerves.
Meanwhile, oncology is a medical discipline that focuses on the diagnosis, treatment, treatment, and prevention of cancer.
To become an orthopedic oncologist, one must first become an orthopedic specialist, then take and complete a subspeci alty program in orthopedic oncology.
Various Conditions Orthopedic Oncologists Can Treat
The following are some of the diseases or conditions that an orthopedic oncologist can treat:
- Benign tumors of bone and soft tissue, such as fibroadenoma, osteochondroma, fibroma, and chondroblastoma
- cyst on bone
- Malignant tumors or cancers of the bone, such as osteosarcoma, chondrosarcoma, fibrosarcoma, and neuroblastoma
- The spread of cancer cells (metastasis) to bone, muscle, or joint tissue, for example breast cancer cells that spread to the ribs
Actions Treated by Orthopedic Oncologists
Orthopedic oncologists have the ability to diagnose tumors or cancers experienced by patients and their severity through physical examinations and investigations. Several types of checks carried out are:
- Blood and urine test
- Tumor marker check
- Bone marrow aspiration
- radiological examinations, such as X-rays, MRI, CT scans, and PET scans
After the diagnosis of the patient's disease is known, the orthopedic oncologist will provide treatment in the form of:
Chemotherapy is generally done to treat tumors or cancers of the bones and soft tissues of the body. This type of treatment aims to kill tumor cells that are both benign and malignant (cancerous) and prevent the spread of tumor or cancer cells to other organs.
In addition, doctors can also give other medicines, such as immunotherapy, to treat bone cancer.
Orthopedic oncologists can also perform radiation therapy or radiotherapy to treat tumors or bone cancer. This therapy uses X-rays that are directed at the location of the tumor or cancer to kill the tumor cells.
In addition to radiation therapy and chemotherapy, an orthopedic oncologist will also perform surgery to remove bone, muscle, or connective tissue that is affected by the tumor.
After undergoing surgery, patients will be advised to undergo physiotherapy in order to improve their body movement abilities and support the recovery process of body tissues after surgery.
In carrying out their duties, orthopedic oncologists will work closely with general practitioners and other specialists, such as orthopedic doctors, radiologists, oncologists, plastic surgeons, and anesthesiologists.
The Right Time to Check with an Orthopedic Oncologist
You are advised to consult an orthopedic oncologist after receiving a referral from a general practitioner or orthopedic doctor. However, you can also immediately consult an orthopedic oncologist if you experience some symptoms, especially those that lead to cancer, such as:
- Muscle, joint, or bone pain that doesn't go away or lasts a long time
- Legs, hands, or feet appear swollen, red, and difficult to move
- Bump appears on the bone
- bones are brittle or break easily
- Cold sweat at night
- Prolonged fever
- Unexplained weight loss
Preparation Before Consulting an Orthopedic Oncologist
Before meeting an orthopedic oncologist, you are recommended to prepare several things to make it easier for the doctor to determine the right diagnosis and treatment. Things that need to be prepared include:
- Results of examination or laboratory tests, if previously consulted with other doctors
- Notes on complaints or symptoms experienced
- Documents containing medical history, such as medical history or history of certain diseases
- He alth insurance
The earlier cancer is detected, the better your chances of cure. Therefore, you are advised to immediately consult an orthopedic oncologist if you experience the symptoms of a tumor or bone cancer that have been mentioned previously.
If you are in doubt or find it difficult to find the right orthopedic oncologist, you can seek advice from a general practitioner or an orthopedic doctor.