Pediatrician, Allergy, Immunology and Disease Treated

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Pediatrician, Allergy, Immunology and Disease Treated
Pediatrician, Allergy, Immunology and Disease Treated

Pediatrician immunology allergist is a doctor who focuses on treating and treating allergies, asthma, and immune disorders in infants, children, and teenagers

Pediatricians, immunological allergists, have deeper knowledge about the immune system and disorders of the child's immune response, including allergies, so that they can provide the best solution for dealing with allergies and immune disorders suffered by children

Pediatrician Allergist Immunology and Diseases Treated - Alodokter

Diseases Treated by Allergists Immunology

Generally, an examination to a pediatric allergist and immunologist is based on a referral from a general practitioner or pediatrician. You will be advised to take your child to a pediatric allergist and immunologist if he:

  • Experiencing allergy symptoms, such as itchy skin, rash, itchy nose, nasal congestion, sneezing, wheezing, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, or shortness of breath, after consuming or coming into contact with allergy-triggering substances
  • Has a history of allergies in the family
  • Frequently suffer from certain infections, such as sinusitis

For more details, the following are a number of diseases treated by immunologist allergists:

1. Food allergy

Food allergies occur when the immune system perceives that certain substances in food are harmful. Food allergies are characterized by a variety of symptoms, namely:

  • Skin symptoms, such as rash, itching, redness
  • Symptoms in the digestive tract, such as abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea
  • Symptoms in the respiratory tract, such as nasal congestion, to shortness of breath

Symptoms of food allergies can also be in the form of anaphylactic shock which can be life threatening and requires help as soon as possible. Foods that often trigger allergies include milk, eggs, soy, wheat, fish, nuts, and shellfish.

2. Dust allergy

Dust allergy in children occurs when children breathe air that is mixed with dust, mite droppings, plant pollen, mold spores, or animal dander which are allergenic substances.

Dust allergy can cause 2 conditions, namely allergic rhinitis and asthma. Symptoms of allergic rhinitis can include sneezing, runny nose, itchy eyes, red eyes, watery eyes, stuffy nose, and itchy nose. While in asthma, symptoms can include coughing and shortness of breath.

3. Drug allergy

Not only adults, children can also suffer from drug allergies. Drug allergies are characterized by a variety of symptoms, ranging from mild to those that require serious treatment.

Mild symptoms of drug allergy are characterized by skin rash, itching, fever, swelling, runny nose, itchy eyes, watery eyes, and shortness of breath. Meanwhile, serious symptoms can include anaphylactic shock or Steven-Johnson syndrome which requires immediate medical attention.

4. Atopic eczema

Atopic eczema is an allergy that causes itchy, dry, and scaly skin. Eczema is more common in babies, although adults can get it too.

5. Sinusitis

Sinusitis is an infection or inflammation of the nasal cavity. Sinusitis in children is characterized by various symptoms, ranging from a prolonged runny nose (more than 10 days), green or clear mucus, cough that does not go away, to fever.

6. Immunodeficiency Disease

As previously stated, immunologists also treat conditions with abnormalities in the immune system response. One of them is immunodeficiency disease.

Immunodeficiency disease is a disorder of the immune system that makes the body unable to protect itself from bacteria, viruses, and parasites. Immunodeficiency can occur as a congenital disease (from birth) or as a result of exposure to toxic chemicals or certain infections (secondary).

7. Autoimmune disease

Autoimmune disease occurs when the body's immune system attacks and damages its own body tissues. Some autoimmune diseases that may occur in children are psoriasis, autoimmune hepatitis, Crohn's disease, multiple sclerosis, type 1 diabetes, lupus, and skin scleroderma.

Medical Actions Given by Pediatric Allergists and Immunologists

In diagnosing a child's illness, the pediatric allergist and immunologist will first ask what symptoms or complaints the child is experiencing. After that, the doctor will also trace the child's medical history, from birth to present, along with a family history of diseases related to allergies or immune system disorders.

Then, the doctor may carry out several follow-up examinations to determine what disease the child is suffering from, including:

Allergy test

To diagnose allergies, an immunologist pediatric allergist will recommend allergy testing. This test is usually a skin test consisting of a skin-prick test and a patch test.

Blood test

Blood tests can be done to check for antibodies to allergies or to confirm the presence of antibodies that cause autoimmune diseases.

Elimination diet

The elimination diet is usually recommended for children who suffer from certain food allergies. Pediatrician, an immunologist, will design a feeding schedule and the type of food the child will eat within a certain period of time in order to know for sure what foods trigger allergies in children.

Treatment is done for allergic and immunological-related diseases, depending on the cause. For allergies, the main therapy is generally avoiding the allergen. However, immunotherapy can also be done to reduce a child's sensitivity to allergens. For other conditions, immune suppression therapy may be used in children who have autoimmune conditions. On the other hand, therapy to increase immunity will be given to children with immunodeficiency conditions.

That's brief information about pediatric allergists, immunologists and the diseases they treat. Examination to a pediatrician, an immunologist, is usually based on a referral from a general practitioner or pediatrician.However, you can immediately consult a pediatric immunologist if your child experiences the above symptoms, especially if other family members have experienced similar signs.

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