Organic Mental Disorders: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

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Organic Mental Disorders: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment
Organic Mental Disorders: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Organic mental disorder (organic brain syndrome) is a condition when damage to the brain causes mental disorders. This term was previously used for neurocognitive disorders

Organic mental disorders are generally experienced by the elderly, but this condition can also occur in younger people. This condition indirectly occurs due to brain damage in areas related to the ability to learn, remember, plan, and make decisions.

Organic Mental Disorders: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment - Alodokter

In addition, this disorder can also affect the sufferer's ability to understand and use language correctly, coordinate body movements, and act according to existing social norms.

Organic Mental Disorder Symptoms

Symptoms of organic mental disorders can actually vary, depending on the underlying conditions. However, there are some main symptoms of organic mental disorders, including:

  • Often forget something
  • Often feel confused
  • Often feel restless

In addition, people with organic mental disorders may also experience symptoms, such as:

  • Headache
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Hard to focus
  • Loss of body balance
  • Difficulty doing daily activities, such as driving.

Causes of Organic Mental Disorder

In general, organic mental disorders are caused by various diseases that can cause a decrease in brain nerve function (neurodegenerative diseases), including:

  • Alzheimer's Disease
  • Parkinson's Disease
  • Huntington's Disease
  • Lewy body disease
  • Prion Disease
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Dementia

In addition to the diseases mentioned above, there are also several conditions that can cause organic mental disorders, namely:

  • Severe brain injury
  • Respiratory disorders that cause low levels of oxygen (hypoxia) and high levels of carbon dioxide in the body
  • Heart and blood vessel disorders, such as stroke, transient ischemic attack (TIA), endocarditis, and myocarditis
  • Abuse of drugs and alcohol
  • Brain cancer or cancer from elsewhere that spreads to the brain
  • Infections, such as HIV, brain infections, meningitis, and syphilis
  • Encephalopathy, for example caused by liver disorders

Organic Mental Disorder Treatment

To treat organic mental disorders, a diagnosis from a neurologist or a psychiatrist is required. The doctor will evaluate any mental disorders that occur and determine which areas of the brain may be affected and causing these symptoms.

People with organic mental disorders will generally require close treatment and evaluation in a hospital. The form of treatment that can be given to people with organic mental disorders is the administration of drugs to relieve the symptoms that arise.

In addition, psychotherapy and psychosocial support may also be recommended to support the needs, welfare, and quality of life of the sufferer and those around him.

Organic mental disorders have different chances of recovery, depending on where the brain is affected and the extent of the damage. You can consult a doctor to find out more clearly about the condition you are experiencing, the type of treatment, as well as the risk factors and complications of this disease.

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