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There are various things that can cause kidney disease, ranging from age to certain diseases. However, this condition is often not realized by the sufferer so that it is only detected and treated when it is severe. To prevent this, come on, identify what causes kidney pain
Data from the Ministry of He alth states that around 0.2% of Indonesians over the age of 15 suffer from chronic kidney disease. Although the presentation is small, the mortality rate from kidney disease is still relatively high. In 2012, kidney disease was the 10th leading cause of death in Indonesia.
Various Functions of Kidneys in Humans
Every human being normally has two kidneys that are inside the back, to be precise near the back of the ribs on the left and right. Kidneys have various functions that are very important for the body, namely:
- Maintain fluid and electrolyte balance in the body, such as sodium and potassium
- Filter toxins from the blood and excrete them through urine
- Producing the hormone erythropoietin, which is a hormone that functions to increase the production of red blood cells
- Regulate blood pressure and blood acid base (pH) balance
- Maintain bone strength and he alth
When the kidneys are damaged, the various kidney functions above cannot run smoothly.As a result, people with kidney disease can experience various he alth problems ranging from anemia, electrolyte disturbances, high blood pressure, to kidney failure. If not treated early, kidney disease can even cause permanent kidney damage or even death.
That is why it is important for you to recognize and stay away from any causes of kidney disease so that your risk of developing kidney disease will be reduced.
Various Factors That Cause Kidney Pain
There are several factors that can cause or increase a person's risk of developing kidney disease, namely:
1. Age factor
Actually, kidney disease can attack anyone regardless of age. However, the elderly or people aged 60 years and over are known to be more susceptible to kidney disease.
A person's kidney function will decline with age. This will happen more quickly to people who have unhe althy lifestyles, for example, lack of eating patterns, often smoke, and rarely exercise.
2. Certain diseases
Certain chronic diseases, such as diabetes, autoimmune disorders, heart disease, and hypertension, are some examples of common causes of kidney disease. These various conditions over time can damage the blood vessels in the kidneys, so that blood flow in the kidneys is not smooth. As a result, kidney function will be disrupted and patients with this disease can experience complications in the form of kidney failure.
3. Drug side effects
There are many types of drugs that are known to cause side effects in the form of kidney damage. If taken too often or in high doses, these drugs have a high risk of causing a person to experience kidney disease. The drugs in question are:
- Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as aspirin, ibuprofen, and ketoprofen
- Antifungals, eg amphotericin B
- stomach acid reliever
- Contrast substances used for radiological examinations, such as X-rays, MRI, and CT scans
In addition to these drugs, other drugs such as drugs and herbal medicines can also cause side effects in the form of kidney damage. Therefore, you need to consult a doctor first before taking any medicines and avoid taking medicines without a clear indication or purpose.
4. Unhe althy lifestyle
An unhe althy lifestyle is one of the causes of kidney disease that is often not realized by many people. The following are some bad habits that can increase your risk of developing kidney disease:
- Not drinking enough water
- Not maintaining a diet, for example eating too many foods high in sugar, s alt, and fat
- Sleep deprivation
- Smoking habit or inhaling cigarette smoke
- Excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages
- Rarely exercise
In addition to age, heredity can also be a trigger for your risk of developing kidney disease. Although rare, there are several types of kidney disease that are known to be inherited, one of which is polycystic kidney disease.
Polycystic kidney disease is a hereditary disease characterized by the appearance of a group of cysts in the kidney. Cysts are benign or noncancerous lumps filled with fluid resembling water. Please note that this genetic disorder can interfere with kidney function and cause kidney failure.
If you often do some of the habits above, try to stop them from now on. By regularly living a he althy lifestyle, your kidney he alth and function will be maintained so that your risk of developing kidney disease will be reduced.
Some of the causes of kidney disease, such as age and genetics, cannot be avoided. However, you can prevent several other factors that cause kidney disease from now on.
In addition, you also need to have regular he alth check-ups (check-ups) with your doctor to evaluate your kidney function.
If you experience symptoms of kidney disease, such as fatigue, swelling, difficulty sleeping, frequent muscle cramps, reduced urine output or no urination at all, you should immediately consult a doctor.
After the doctor confirms the diagnosis of kidney disease and finds out the cause of the kidney disease you are experiencing, the doctor will provide the right treatment to overcome the condition.